Articles | Volume 13, issue 6
The Cryosphere, 13, 1547–1564, 2019
The Cryosphere, 13, 1547–1564, 2019
Research article
03 Jun 2019
Research article | 03 Jun 2019

Regional grid refinement in an Earth system model: impacts on the simulated Greenland surface mass balance

Leonardus van Kampenhout et al.

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Cited articles

Alexander, P. M., LeGrande, A. N., Fischer, E., Tedesco, M., Fettweis, X., Kelley, M., Nowicki, S. M. J., and Schmidt, G. A.: Simulated Greenland Surface Mass Balance in the GISS ModelE2 GCM: Role of the Ice Sheet Surface, J. Geophys. Res.-Earth Surf., 124, 750–765,, 2019. a
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Bales, R. C., Guo, Q., Shen, D., McConnell, J. R., Du, G., Burkhart, J. F., Spikes, V. B., Hanna, E., and Cappelen, J.: Annual Accumulation for Greenland Updated Using Ice Core Data Developed during 2000–2006 and Analysis of Daily Coastal Meteorological Data, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 114, D06116,, 2009. a
Beljaars, A. C. M., Brown, A. R., and Wood, N.: A New Parametrization of Turbulent Orographic Form Drag, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc., 130, 1327–1347,, 2004. a
Bennartz, R., Shupe, M. D., Turner, D. D., Walden, V. P., Steffen, K., Cox, C. J., Kulie, M. S., Miller, N. B., and Pettersen, C.: July 2012 Greenland Melt Extent Enhanced by Low-Level Liquid Clouds, Nature, 496, 83–86,, 2013. a
Short summary
A new tool is evaluated in which the climate and surface mass balance (SMB) of the Greenland ice sheet are resolved at 55 and 28 km resolution, while the rest of the globe is modelled at ~110 km. The local refinement of resolution leads to improved accumulation (SMB > 0) compared to observations; however ablation (SMB < 0) is deteriorated in some regions. This is attributed to changes in cloud cover and a reduced effectiveness of a model-specific vertical downscaling technique.