Articles | Volume 15, issue 8
The Cryosphere, 15, 3751–3784, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-3751-2021

Special issue: The Ice Sheet Model Intercomparison Project for CMIP6...

The Cryosphere, 15, 3751–3784, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-3751-2021
Research article
17 Aug 2021
Research article | 17 Aug 2021

What is the surface mass balance of Antarctica? An intercomparison of regional climate model estimates

Ruth Mottram et al.

Related authors

Brief communication: Impact of common ice mask in surface mass balance estimates over the Antarctic ice sheet
Nicolaj Hansen, Sebastian B. Simonsen, Fredrik Boberg, Christoph Kittel, Andrew Orr, Niels Souverijns, J. Melchior van Wessem, and Ruth Mottram
The Cryosphere, 16, 711–718, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-711-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-711-2022, 2022
Short summary
A new L4 multi-sensor ice surface temperature product for the Greenland Ice Sheet
Ioanna Karagali, Magnus Barfod Suhr, Ruth Mottram, Pia Nielsen-Englyst, Gorm Dybkjær, Darren Ghent, and Jacob L. Høyer
The Cryosphere Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2021-384,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2021-384, 2022
Revised manuscript under review for TC
Short summary
Uncertainties in projected surface mass balance over the polar ice sheets from dynamically downscaled EC-Earth models
Fredrik Boberg, Ruth Mottram, Nicolaj Hansen, Shuting Yang, and Peter L. Langen
The Cryosphere, 16, 17–33, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-17-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-17-2022, 2022
Short summary
Downscaled surface mass balance in Antarctica: impacts of subsurface processes and large-scale atmospheric circulation
Nicolaj Hansen, Peter L. Langen, Fredrik Boberg, Rene Forsberg, Sebastian B. Simonsen, Peter Thejll, Baptiste Vandecrux, and Ruth Mottram
The Cryosphere, 15, 4315–4333, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-4315-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-4315-2021, 2021
Short summary
Freshwater in the Arctic Ocean 2010–2019
Amy Solomon, Céline Heuzé, Benjamin Rabe, Sheldon Bacon, Laurent Bertino, Patrick Heimbach, Jun Inoue, Doroteaciro Iovino, Ruth Mottram, Xiangdong Zhang, Yevgeny Aksenov, Ronan McAdam, An Nguyen, Roshin P. Raj, and Han Tang
Ocean Sci., 17, 1081–1102, https://doi.org/10.5194/os-17-1081-2021,https://doi.org/10.5194/os-17-1081-2021, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Discipline: Ice sheets | Subject: Antarctic
Rapid fragmentation of Thwaites Eastern Ice Shelf
Douglas I. Benn, Adrian Luckman, Jan A. Åström, Anna J. Crawford, Stephen L. Cornford, Suzanne L. Bevan, Thomas Zwinger, Rupert Gladstone, Karen Alley, Erin Pettit, and Jeremy Bassis
The Cryosphere, 16, 2545–2564, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-2545-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-2545-2022, 2022
Short summary
Resolving glacial isostatic adjustment (GIA) in response to modern and future ice loss at marine grounding lines in West Antarctica
Jeannette Xiu Wen Wan, Natalya Gomez, Konstantin Latychev, and Holly Kyeore Han
The Cryosphere, 16, 2203–2223, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-2203-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-2203-2022, 2022
Short summary
Review article: Existing and potential evidence for Holocene grounding line retreat and readvance in Antarctica
Joanne S. Johnson, Ryan A. Venturelli, Greg Balco, Claire S. Allen, Scott Braddock, Seth Campbell, Brent M. Goehring, Brenda L. Hall, Peter D. Neff, Keir A. Nichols, Dylan H. Rood, Elizabeth R. Thomas, and John Woodward
The Cryosphere, 16, 1543–1562, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1543-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1543-2022, 2022
Short summary
Mass evolution of the Antarctic Peninsula over the last 2 decades from a joint Bayesian inversion
Stephen J. Chuter, Andrew Zammit-Mangion, Jonathan Rougier, Geoffrey Dawson, and Jonathan L. Bamber
The Cryosphere, 16, 1349–1367, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1349-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1349-2022, 2022
Short summary
Net effect of ice-sheet–atmosphere interactions reduces simulated transient Miocene Antarctic ice-sheet variability
Lennert B. Stap, Constantijn J. Berends, Meike D. W. Scherrenberg, Roderik S. W. van de Wal, and Edward G. W. Gasson
The Cryosphere, 16, 1315–1332, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1315-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1315-2022, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Agosta, C., Fettweis, X., and Datta, R.: Evaluation of the CMIP5 models in the aim of regional modelling of the Antarctic surface mass balance, The Cryosphere, 9, 2311–2321, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-9-2311-2015, 2015. a
Agosta, C., Amory, C., Kittel, C., Orsi, A., Favier, V., Gallée, H., van den Broeke, M. R., Lenaerts, J. T. M., van Wessem, J. M., van de Berg, W. J., and Fettweis, X.: Estimation of the Antarctic surface mass balance using the regional climate model MAR (1979–2015) and identification of dominant processes, The Cryosphere, 13, 281–296, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-281-2019, 2019. a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l
Akperov, M., Rinke, A., Mokhov, I. I., Matthes, H., Semenov, V. A., Adakudlu, M., Cassano, J., Christensen, J. H., Dembitskaya, M. A., Dethloff, K., Fettweis, X., Glisan, J., Gutjahr, O., Heinemann, G., Koenigk, T., Koldunov, N. V., Laprise, R., Mottram, R., Nikiéma, O., Scinocca, J. F., Sein, D., Sobolowski, S., Winger, K., and Zhang, W.: Cyclone Activity in the Arctic From an Ensemble of Regional Climate Models (Arctic CORDEX), 123, 2537–2554, https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JD027703, 2018. a, b
Alexandru, A., de Elia, R., Laprise, R., Separovic, L., and Biner, S.: Sensitivity Study of Regional Climate Model Simulations to Large-Scale Nudging Parameters, Mon. Weather Rev., 137, 1666–1686, https://doi.org/10.1175/2008MWR2620.1, 2009. a
Amory, C.: Drifting-snow statistics from multiple-year autonomous measurements in Adélie Land, East Antarctica, The Cryosphere, 14, 1713–1725, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-1713-2020, 2020. a
Download
Short summary
We compare the calculated surface mass budget (SMB) of Antarctica in five different regional climate models. On average ~ 2000 Gt of snow accumulates annually, but different models vary by ~ 10 %, a difference equivalent to ± 0.5 mm of global sea level rise. All models reproduce observed weather, but there are large differences in regional patterns of snowfall, especially in areas with very few observations, giving greater uncertainty in Antarctic mass budget than previously identified.