Articles | Volume 17, issue 7
Research article
20 Jul 2023
Research article |  | 20 Jul 2023

Meltwater runoff and glacier mass balance in the high Arctic: 1991–2022 simulations for Svalbard

Louise Steffensen Schmidt, Thomas Vikhamar Schuler, Erin Emily Thomas, and Sebastian Westermann

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Cited articles

Aas, K. S., Dunse, T., Collier, E., Schuler, T. V., Berntsen, T. K., Kohler, J., and Luks, B.: The climatic mass balance of Svalbard glaciers: a 10-year simulation with a coupled atmosphere–glacier mass balance model, The Cryosphere, 10, 1089–1104,, 2016. a, b, c, d
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Arimitsu, M. L., Piatt, J. F., Madison, E. N., Conaway, J. S., and Hillgruber, N.: Oceanographic gradients and seabird prey community dynamics in glacial fjords, Fish. Oceanogr., 21, 148–169,, 2012. a
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Bhatia, M. P., Kujawinski, E. B., Das, S. B., Breier, C. F., Henderson, P. B., and Charette, M. A.: Greenland meltwater as a significant and potentially bioavailable source of iron to the ocean, Nat. Geosci., 6, 274–278,, 2013. a
Short summary
Here, we present high-resolution simulations of glacier mass balance (the gain and loss of ice over a year) and runoff on Svalbard from 1991–2022, one of the fastest warming regions in the Arctic. The simulations are created using the CryoGrid community model. We find a small overall loss of mass over the simulation period of −0.08 m yr−1 but with no statistically significant trend. The average runoff was found to be 41 Gt yr−1, with a significant increasing trend of 6.3 Gt per decade.