Articles | Volume 15, issue 2
The Cryosphere, 15, 715–742, 2021
The Cryosphere, 15, 715–742, 2021
Research article
15 Feb 2021
Research article | 15 Feb 2021

Sensitivity of ice sheet surface velocity and elevation to variations in basal friction and topography in the full Stokes and shallow-shelf approximation frameworks using adjoint equations

Gong Cheng et al.

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Discipline: Ice sheets | Subject: Numerical Modelling
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Cited articles

Ahlkrona, J., Lötstedt, P., Kirchner, N., and Zwinger, T.: Dynamically coupling the non-linear Stokes equstions with the shallow ice approximation in glaciology: Description and first applications of the ISCAL method, J. Comput. Phys., 308, 1–19, 2016. a
Brondex, J., Gagliardini, O., Gillet-Chaulet, F., and Durand, G.: Sensitivity of grounding line dynamics to the choice of the friction law, J. Glaciology, 63, 854–866, 2017. a
Brondex, J., Gillet-Chaulet, F., and Gagliardini, O.: Sensitivity of centennial mass loss projections of the Amundsen basin to the friction law, The Cryosphere, 13, 177–195,, 2019. a
Cheng, G.: Numerical experiments for FS adjoint, Zenodo,, 2020a. a
Cheng, G.: Numerical experiments for SSA adjoint, Zenodo,, 2020b. a
Short summary
We present an inverse modeling approach to improve the understanding of spatiotemporally variable processes at the inaccessible base of an ice sheet by determining the sensitivity of direct surface observations to perturbations of basal conditions. Time dependency is proved to be important in these types of problems. The effect of perturbations is analyzed based on analytical and numerical solutions.