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The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Short summary
The thermal conductivity (TC) of the snow and top soil greatly impacts the permafrost energy budget. We report the first winter-long monitoring of snow and soil TC in the high Arctic. The data and field observations show the formation of a highly insulating basal depth hoar layer overlaid by a more conductive wind slab. Detailed snow physics models developed for alpine snow cannot reproduce observations because they neglect the strong upward vertical water vapor flux prevailing in Arctic snow.
Articles | Volume 10, issue 6
The Cryosphere, 10, 2573–2588, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2573-2016
The Cryosphere, 10, 2573–2588, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2573-2016

Research article 02 Nov 2016

Research article | 02 Nov 2016

Seasonal evolution of the effective thermal conductivity of the snow and the soil in high Arctic herb tundra at Bylot Island, Canada

Florent Domine et al.

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Cited articles

Bartelt, P. and Lehning, M.: A physical SNOWPACK model for the Swiss avalanche warning Part I: numerical model, Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 35, 123–145, 2002.
Benson, C. S. and Sturm, M.: Structure and wind transport of seasonal snow on the Arctic slope of Alaska, Ann. Glaciol., 18, 261–267, 1993.
Bilodeau, F., Gauthier, G., and Berteaux, D.: The effect of snow cover on lemming population cycles in the Canadian High Arctic, Oecologia, 172, 1007–1016, 2013.
Brun, E., Vionnet, V., Boone, A., Decharme, B., Peings, Y., Valette, R., Karbou, F., and Morin, S.: Simulation of northern Eurasian local snow depth, mass and density using a detailed snowpack model and meteorological reanalysis, J. Hydrometeorol., 14, 203–214, 2013.
Burke, E., Dankers, R., Jones, C., and Wiltshire, A.: A retrospective analysis of pan Arctic permafrost using the JULES land surface model, Clim. Dynam., 41, 1025–1038, 2013.
Publications Copernicus
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Short summary
The thermal conductivity (TC) of the snow and top soil greatly impacts the permafrost energy budget. We report the first winter-long monitoring of snow and soil TC in the high Arctic. The data and field observations show the formation of a highly insulating basal depth hoar layer overlaid by a more conductive wind slab. Detailed snow physics models developed for alpine snow cannot reproduce observations because they neglect the strong upward vertical water vapor flux prevailing in Arctic snow.
Citation