Articles | Volume 10, issue 4
Research article
17 Aug 2016
Research article |  | 17 Aug 2016

Anisotropy of seasonal snow measured by polarimetric phase differences in radar time series

Silvan Leinss, Henning Löwe, Martin Proksch, Juha Lemmetyinen, Andreas Wiesmann, and Irena Hajnsek

Related authors

Mapping and characteristics of avalanches on mountain glaciers with Sentinel-1
Marin Kneib, Amaury Dehecq, Fanny Brun, Fatima Karbou, Laurane Charrier, Silvan Leinss, Patrick Wagnon, and Fabien Maussion
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Short summary
Everest South Col Glacier did not thin during the period 1984–2017
Fanny Brun, Owen King, Marion Réveillet, Charles Amory, Anton Planchot, Etienne Berthier, Amaury Dehecq, Tobias Bolch, Kévin Fourteau, Julien Brondex, Marie Dumont, Christoph Mayer, Silvan Leinss, Romain Hugonnet, and Patrick Wagnon
The Cryosphere, 17, 3251–3268,,, 2023
Short summary
Coherent backscatter enhancement in bistatic Ku- and X-band radar observations of dry snow
Marcel Stefko, Silvan Leinss, Othmar Frey, and Irena Hajnsek
The Cryosphere, 16, 2859–2879,,, 2022
Short summary
S. Kaushik, S. Leinss, L. Ravanel, E. Trouvé, Y. Yan, and F. Magnin
ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spatial Inf. Sci., V-3-2022, 325–332,,, 2022
Glacier detachments and rock-ice avalanches in the Petra Pervogo range, Tajikistan (1973–2019)
Silvan Leinss, Enrico Bernardini, Mylène Jacquemart, and Mikhail Dokukin
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 1409–1429,,, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Snow Physics
Heterogeneous grain growth and vertical mass transfer within a snow layer under a temperature gradient
Lisa Bouvet, Neige Calonne, Frédéric Flin, and Christian Geindreau
The Cryosphere, 17, 3553–3573,,, 2023
Short summary
Impact of the sampling procedure on the specific surface area of snow measurements with the IceCube
Julia Martin and Martin Schneebeli
The Cryosphere, 17, 1723–1734,,, 2023
Short summary
Wind conditions for snow cornice formation in a wind tunnel
Hongxiang Yu, Guang Li, Benjamin Walter, Michael Lehning, Jie Zhang, and Ning Huang
The Cryosphere, 17, 639–651,,, 2023
Short summary
Thermal Conductivity of Snow on Arctic Sea Ice
Amy R. Macfarlane, Henning Löwe, Lucille Gimenes, David N. Wagner, Ruzica Dadic, Rafael Ottersberg, Stefan Hämmerle, and Martin Schneebeli
EGUsphere,,, 2023
Short summary
Stochastic analysis of micro-cone penetration tests in snow
Pyei Phyo Lin, Isabel Peinke, Pascal Hagenmuller, Matthias Wächter, M. Reza Rahimi Tabar, and Joachim Peinke
The Cryosphere, 16, 4811–4822,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Alley, R.: Texture of polar firn for remote sensing, Ann. Glaciol., 9, 1–4, 1987.
Ao, C. O. and Kong, J. A.: Analytical approximations in multiple scattering of electromagnetic waves by aligned dielectric spheroids, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, 19, 1145–1156, 2002.
Bilodeau, F., Gauthier, G., and Berteaux, D.: The effect of snow cover on lemming population cycles in the Canadian High Arctic, Oecologia, 172, 1007–1016,, 2013.
Bohleber, P., Wagner, N., and Eisen, O.: Permittivity of ice at radio frequencies: Part II. Artificial and natural polycrystalline ice, Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 83–84, 13–19,, 2012.
Bormann, K. J., Westra, S., Evans, J. P., and McCabe, M. F.: Spatial and temporal variability in seasonal snow density, J. Hydrol., 484, 63–73,,2013.
Short summary
Four years of anisotropy measurements of seasonal snow are presented in the paper. The anisotropy was measured every 4 h with a ground-based polarimetric radar. An electromagnetic model has been developed to measured the anisotropy with radar instruments from ground and from space. The anisotropic permittivity was derived with Maxwell–Garnett-type mixing formulas which are shown to be equivalent to series expansions of the permittivity tensor based on spatial correlation function of snow.