Articles | Volume 10, issue 4
Research article
17 Aug 2016
Research article |  | 17 Aug 2016

Anisotropy of seasonal snow measured by polarimetric phase differences in radar time series

Silvan Leinss, Henning Löwe, Martin Proksch, Juha Lemmetyinen, Andreas Wiesmann, and Irena Hajnsek


Interactive discussion

Status: closed
Status: closed
AC: Author comment | RC: Referee comment | SC: Short comment | EC: Editor comment
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Peer-review completion

AR: Author's response | RR: Referee report | ED: Editor decision
AR by Silvan Leinss on behalf of the Authors (09 May 2016)  Author's response    Manuscript
ED: Referee Nomination & Report Request started (12 May 2016) by Guillaume Chambon
RR by Anonymous Referee #1 (07 Jun 2016)
ED: Publish subject to minor revisions (Editor review) (07 Jun 2016) by Guillaume Chambon
AR by Anna Wenzel on behalf of the Authors (20 Jun 2016)  Author's response
ED: Publish as is (21 Jun 2016) by Guillaume Chambon
Short summary
Four years of anisotropy measurements of seasonal snow are presented in the paper. The anisotropy was measured every 4 h with a ground-based polarimetric radar. An electromagnetic model has been developed to measured the anisotropy with radar instruments from ground and from space. The anisotropic permittivity was derived with Maxwell–Garnett-type mixing formulas which are shown to be equivalent to series expansions of the permittivity tensor based on spatial correlation function of snow.