Articles | Volume 16, issue 6
The Cryosphere, 16, 2505–2526, 2022
The Cryosphere, 16, 2505–2526, 2022
Research article
24 Jun 2022
Research article | 24 Jun 2022

Three different glacier surges at a spot: what satellites observe and what not

Frank Paul et al.

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Cited articles

Bazai, N. A., Cui, P., Carling, P. A., Wang, H., Hassan, J., Liu, D., Zhang, G., and Jin, W.: Increasing glacial lake outburst flood hazard in response to surge glaciers in the Karakoram, Earth-Sci. Rev., 212, 103432,, 2021. 
Berthier, E. and Brun, F.: Karakoram geodetic glacier mass balances between 2008 and 2016: persistence of the anomaly and influence of a large rock avalanche on Siachen Glacier, J. Glaciol., 65, 494–507,, 2019. 
Bhambri, R., Hewitt, K., Kawishwar, P., and Pratap, B.: Surge-type and surge-modified glaciers in the Karakoram, Sci. Rep., 7, 15391,, 2017. 
Bhambri, R., Hewitt, K., Kawishwar, P., Kumar, A., Verma, A., Snehmani, Tiwari, S., and Misra, A.: Ice-dams, outburst floods, and movement heterogeneity of glaciers, Karakoram, Global Planet. Change, 180, 100–116,, 2019. 
Bhambri, R., Watson, C. S., Hewitt, K., Haritashya, U. K., Kargel, J. S., Pratap Shahi, A., Chand, P., Kumar, A., Verma, A., and Govil, H.: The hazardous 2017–2019 surge and river damming by Shispare Glacier, Karakoram, Sci. Rep., 10, 4685,, 2020. 
Short summary
Glacier surges are widespread in the Karakoram and have been intensely studied using satellite data and DEMs. We use time series of such datasets to study three glacier surges in the same region of the Karakoram. We found strongly contrasting advance rates and flow velocities, maximum velocities of 30 m d−1, and a change in the surge mechanism during a surge. A sensor comparison revealed good agreement, but steep terrain and the two smaller glaciers caused limitations for some of them.