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Volume 11, issue 1
The Cryosphere, 11, 191–215, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-191-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 11, 191–215, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-191-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 26 Jan 2017

Research article | 26 Jan 2017

Diagnosing the decline in climatic mass balance of glaciers in Svalbard over 1957–2014

Torbjørn Ims Østby et al.

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Cited articles

Aas, K. S., Dunse, T., Collier, E., Schuler, T. V., Berntsen, T. K., Kohler, J., and Luks, B.: The climatic mass balance of Svalbard glaciers: a 10-year simulation with a coupled atmosphere-glacier mass balance model, The Cryosphere, 10, 1089–1104, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-1089-2016, 2016.
Ackerman, S., Strabala, K., Menzel, W., Frey, R., Moeller, C., and Gumley, L.: Discriminating clear sky from clouds with MODIS, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 103, 32141–32157, https://doi.org/10.1029/1998JD200032, 1998.
Aleksandrov, Y., Bryazgin, N., Forland, E., Radionov, V., and Svyashchennikov, P.: Seasonal, interannual and long-term variability of precipitation and snow depth in the region of the Barents and Kara seas, Polar Res., 24, 69–85, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-8369.2005.tb00141.x, 2005.
AMAP: Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA): Climate Change and the Cryosphere, Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway, XII + 538 pp., 2011.
Andreas, E.: A theory for the scalar roughness and the scalar transfer coefficients over snow and sea ice, Bound.-Lay. Meteorol., 38, 159–184, 1987.
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Short summary
We present modelled climatic mass balance for all glaciers in Svalbard for the period 1957–2014 at 1 km resolution using a coupled surface energy balance and snowpack model, thereby closing temporal and spatial gaps in direct and geodetic mass balance estimates. Supporting previous studies, our results indicate increased mass loss over the period. A detailed analysis of the involved energy fluxes reveals that increased mass loss is caused by atmospheric warming further amplified by feedbacks.
We present modelled climatic mass balance for all glaciers in Svalbard for the period 1957–2014...
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