Articles | Volume 15, issue 12
The Cryosphere, 15, 5371–5386, 2021
The Cryosphere, 15, 5371–5386, 2021
Research article
06 Dec 2021
Research article | 06 Dec 2021

Multilayer observation and estimation of the snowpack cold content in a humid boreal coniferous forest of eastern Canada

Achut Parajuli et al.

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Cited articles

Alves, M., Nadeau, D. F., Music, B., Anctil, F., and Parajuli, A.: On the performance of the Canadian Land Surface Scheme driven by the ERA5 reanalysis over the Canadian boreal forest, J. Hydrometeorol., 21, 1383–1404,, 2020. 
Anderson, E. A.: A point energy and mass balance model of a snow cover, US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service, Office of Hydrology, Washington DC, USA, 1976. 
Andreadis, K. M., Storck, P., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Modeling snow accumulation and ablation processes in forested environments, Water Resour. Res., 45, 1–13,, 2009. 
Barnett, T. P., Adam, J. C., and Lettenmaier, D. P.: Potential impacts of a warming climate on water availability in snow-dominated regions, Nature, 438, 303–309,, 2005. 
Bartlett, P. A. and Verseghy, D. L.: Modified treatment of intercepted snow improves the simulated forest albedo in the Canadian Land Surface Scheme, Hydrol. Process., 29, 3208–3226,, 2015. 
Short summary
Cold content is the energy required to attain an isothermal (0 °C) state and resulting in the snow surface melt. This study focuses on determining the multi-layer cold content (30 min time steps) relying on field measurements, snow temperature profile, and empirical formulation in four distinct forest sites of Montmorency Forest, eastern Canada. We present novel research where the effect of forest structure, local topography, and meteorological conditions on cold content variability is explored.