Articles | Volume 16, issue 5
The Cryosphere, 16, 1631–1652, 2022
The Cryosphere, 16, 1631–1652, 2022
Research article
05 May 2022
Research article | 05 May 2022

Understanding monsoon controls on the energy and mass balance of glaciers in the Central and Eastern Himalaya

Stefan Fugger et al.

Related authors

Sub-seasonal variability of supraglacial ice cliff melt rates and associated processes from time-lapse photogrammetry
Marin Kneib, Evan S. Miles, Pascal Buri, Stefan Fugger, Michael McCarthy, Thomas E. Shaw, Zhao Chuanxi, Martin Truffer, Matthew J. Westoby, Wei Yang, and Francesca Pellicciotti
The Cryosphere Discuss.,,, 2022
Preprint under review for TC
Short summary

Related subject area

Discipline: Glaciers | Subject: Energy Balance Obs/Modelling
SNICAR-ADv4: a physically based radiative transfer model to represent the spectral albedo of glacier ice
Chloe A. Whicker, Mark G. Flanner, Cheng Dang, Charles S. Zender, Joseph M. Cook, and Alex S. Gardner
The Cryosphere, 16, 1197–1220,,, 2022
Short summary
Cloud forcing of surface energy balance from in-situ measurements in diverse mountain glacier environments
Jonathan P. Conway, Jakob Abermann, Liss M. Andreassen, M. Farooq Azam, Nicolas J. Cullen, Noel Fitzpatrick, Rianne Giesen, Kirsty Langley, Shelley MacDonell, Thomas Mölg, Valentina Radic, Carleen H. Reijmer, and Jean-Emmanuel Sicart
The Cryosphere Discuss.,,, 2022
Revised manuscript accepted for TC
Short summary
Firn changes at Colle Gnifetti revealed with a high-resolution process-based physical model approach
Enrico Mattea, Horst Machguth, Marlene Kronenberg, Ward van Pelt, Manuela Bassi, and Martin Hoelzle
The Cryosphere, 15, 3181–3205,,, 2021
Short summary
Mass balance modelling and climate sensitivity of Saskatchewan Glacier, western Canada
Christophe Kinnard, Olivier Larouche, Michael N. Demuth, and Brian Menounos
The Cryosphere Discuss.,,, 2021
Revised manuscript accepted for TC
Short summary
Seasonal and interannual variability of melt-season albedo at Haig Glacier, Canadian Rocky Mountains
Shawn J. Marshall and Kristina Miller
The Cryosphere, 14, 3249–3267,,, 2020
Short summary

Cited articles

Aizen, V., Aizen, E., and Nikitin, S.: Glacier regime on the northern slope of the Himalaya (Xixibangma glaciers), Quatern. Int., 97, 27–39, 2002. a
Anderson, B. and Mackintosh, A.: Controls on mass balance sensitivity of maritime glaciers in the Southern Alps, New Zealand: the role of debris cover, J. Geophys. Res.-Earth, 117,, 2012. a
Azam, M. F., Wagnon, P., Vincent, C., Ramanathan, AL., Favier, V., Mandal, A., and Pottakkal, J. G.: Processes governing the mass balance of Chhota Shigri Glacier (western Himalaya, India) assessed by point-scale surface energy balance measurements, The Cryosphere, 8, 2195–2217,, 2014. a
Bélair, S., Crevier, L.-P., Mailhot, J., Bilodeau, B., and Delage, Y.: Operational implementation of the ISBA land surface scheme in the Canadian regional weather forecast model. Part I: Warm season results, J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 352–370, 2003. a, b
Bonekamp, P. N., de Kok, R. J., Collier, E., and Immerzeel, W. W.: Contrasting meteorological drivers of the glacier mass balance between the Karakoram and central Himalaya, Front. Earth Sci., 7,, 2019. a, b, c, d, e
Short summary
The monsoon is important for the shrinking and growing of glaciers in the Himalaya during summer. We calculate the melt of seven glaciers in the region using a complex glacier melt model and weather data. We find that monsoonal weather affects glaciers that are covered with a layer of rocky debris and glaciers without such a layer in different ways. It is important to take so-called turbulent fluxes into account. This knowledge is vital for predicting the future of the Himalayan glaciers.