Articles | Volume 15, issue 7
Research article
15 Jul 2021
Research article |  | 15 Jul 2021

Gulf of Alaska ice-marginal lake area change over the Landsat record and potential physical controls

Hannah R. Field, William H. Armstrong, and Matthias Huss

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Cited articles

Anderson, R. S., Anderson, L. S., Armstrong, W. H., Rossi, M. W., and Crump, S. E.: Glaciation of alpine valleys: The glacier – debris-covered glacier – rock glacier continuum, Geomorphology, 311, 127–142,, 2018. 
Arendt, A., Walsh, J., and Harrison, W.: Changes of Glaciers and Climate in Northwestern North America during the Late Twentieth Century, J. Climate, 22, 4117–4134,, 2009. 
Armstrong, W. H.: proglacialLakes, available at:, last access: 13 July 2021. 
Bahr, D. B., Pfeffer, W. T., and Kaser, G.: A review of volume-area scaling of glaciers, Rev. Geophys., 53, 95–140, 2015. 
Bajracharya, S. R., Maharjan, S. B., Shrestha, F., Guo, W., Liu, S., Immerzeel, W., and Shrestha, B.: The glaciers of the Hindu Kush Himalayas: current status and observed changes from the 1980s to 2010, Int. J. Water Resour. Dev., 31, 161–173, 2015. 
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The growth of a glacier lake alters the hydrology, ecology, and glaciology of its surrounding region. We investigate modern glacier lake area change across northwestern North America using repeat satellite imagery. Broadly, we find that lakes downstream from glaciers grew, while lakes dammed by glaciers shrunk. Our results suggest that the shape of the landscape surrounding a glacier lake plays a larger role in determining how quickly a lake changes than climatic or glaciologic factors.