Journal cover Journal topic
The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 4.713 IF 4.713
  • IF 5-year value: 4.927 IF 5-year
  • CiteScore value: 8.0 CiteScore
  • SNIP value: 1.425 SNIP 1.425
  • IPP value: 4.65 IPP 4.65
  • SJR value: 2.353 SJR 2.353
  • Scimago H <br class='hide-on-tablet hide-on-mobile'>index value: 71 Scimago H
    index 71
  • h5-index value: 53 h5-index 53
Volume 10, issue 5
The Cryosphere, 10, 2057–2068, 2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 10, 2057–2068, 2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 14 Sep 2016

Research article | 14 Sep 2016

Direct visualization of solute locations in laboratory ice samples

Ted Hullar and Cort Anastasio

Related authors

Photooxidants from brown carbon and other chromophores in illuminated particle extracts
Richie Kaur, Jacqueline R. Labins, Scarlett S. Helbock, Wenqing Jiang, Keith J. Bein, Qi Zhang, and Cort Anastasio
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 6579–6594,,, 2019
Short summary
Aqueous reactions of organic triplet excited states with atmospheric alkenes
Richie Kaur, Brandi M. Hudson, Joseph Draper, Dean J. Tantillo, and Cort Anastasio
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 5021–5032,,, 2019
Short summary
Hydroxyl radical in/on illuminated polar snow: formation rates, lifetimes, and steady-state concentrations
Zeyuan Chen, Liang Chu, Edward S. Galbavy, Keren Ram, and Cort Anastasio
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 9579–9590,,, 2016
Short summary
Molecular transformations of phenolic SOA during photochemical aging in the aqueous phase: competition among oligomerization, functionalization, and fragmentation
Lu Yu, Jeremy Smith, Alexander Laskin, Katheryn M. George, Cort Anastasio, Julia Laskin, Ann M. Dillner, and Qi Zhang
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 4511–4527,,, 2016
Short summary
Oxidant production from source-oriented particulate matter – Part 1: Oxidative potential using the dithiothreitol (DTT) assay
J. G. Charrier, N. K. Richards-Henderson, K. J. Bein, A. S. McFall, A. S. Wexler, and C. Anastasio
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 2327–2340,,, 2015
Short summary

Related subject area

Atmospheric Interactions
Radar measurements of blowing snow off a mountain ridge
Benjamin Walter, Hendrik Huwald, Josué Gehring, Yves Bühler, and Michael Lehning
The Cryosphere, 14, 1779–1794,,, 2020
Short summary
Brief communication: Rare ambient saturation during drifting snow occurrences at a coastal location of East Antarctica
Charles Amory and Christoph Kittel
The Cryosphere, 13, 3405–3412,,, 2019
Short summary
Understanding snow bedform formation by adding sintering to a cellular automata model
Varun Sharma, Louise Braud, and Michael Lehning
The Cryosphere, 13, 3239–3260,,, 2019
Short summary
Decadal changes in the leading patterns of sea level pressure in the Arctic and their impacts on the sea ice variability in boreal summer
Nakbin Choi, Kyu-Myong Kim, Young-Kwon Lim, and Myong-In Lee
The Cryosphere, 13, 3007–3021,,, 2019
Short summary
Evaluation of snow depth and snow cover over the Tibetan Plateau in global reanalyses using in situ and satellite remote sensing observations
Yvan Orsolini, Martin Wegmann, Emanuel Dutra, Boqi Liu, Gianpaolo Balsamo, Kun Yang, Patricia de Rosnay, Congwen Zhu, Wenli Wang, Retish Senan, and Gabriele Arduini
The Cryosphere, 13, 2221–2239,,, 2019
Short summary

Cited articles

Barnes, P. R. F., Wolff, E. W., Mallard, D. C., and Mader, H. M.: SEM studies of the morphology and chemistry of polar ice, Microsc. Res. Techniq., 62, 62–69,, 2003.
Barret, M., Domine, F., Houdier, S., Gallet, J. C., Weibring, P., Walega, J., Fried, A., and Richter, D.: Formaldehyde in the Alaskan Arctic snowpack: Partitioning and physical processes involved in air-snow exchanges, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 116, D00R03,, 2011.
Beine, H., Anastasio, C., Esposito, G., Patten, K., Wilkening, E., Domine, F., Voisin, D., Barret, M., Houdier, S., and Hall, S.: Soluble, light-absorbing species in snow at Barrow, Alaska, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 116, D00R05,, 2011.
Beine, H. J., Domine, F., Simpson, W., Honrath, R. E., Sparapani, R., Zhou, X. L., and King, M.: Snow-pile and chamber experiments during the Polar Sunrise Experiment “Alert 2000”: exploration of nitrogen chemistry, Atmos. Environ., 36, 2707–2719,, 2002.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
We study chemical reactions in snow and ice by freezing solutions in the laboratory. Although it is important to know where these chemicals are in the frozen sample (at the surface or buried in the ice), we do not understand this well. In this paper, we used X-rays to look at the chemical location in frozen samples. We found chemical location is sensitive to freezing method, sample container, and chemical characteristics, requiring careful experimental design and interpretation of results.
We study chemical reactions in snow and ice by freezing solutions in the laboratory. Although it...