Articles | Volume 9, issue 2
The Cryosphere, 9, 505–523, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-9-505-2015
The Cryosphere, 9, 505–523, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-9-505-2015

Research article 16 Mar 2015

Research article | 16 Mar 2015

Spatial patterns in glacier characteristics and area changes from 1962 to 2006 in the Kanchenjunga–Sikkim area, eastern Himalaya

A. E. Racoviteanu et al.

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Cited articles

Ageta, Y. and Higuchi, K.: Estimation of Mass Balance Components of a Summer-Accumulation Type Glacier in the Nepal Himalaya, Geogr. Ann. A, 66, 249–255, 1984.
Andermann, C., Bonnet, S., and Gloaguen, R.: Evaluation of precipitation data sets along the Himalayan front, Geochem. Geophy. Geosy., 12, Q07023, https://doi.org/10.1029/2011gc003513, 2011.
Andreassen, L. M., Paul, F., Kääb, A., and Hausberg, J. E.: Landsat-derived glacier inventory for Jotunheimen, Norway, and deduced glacier changes since the 1930s, The Cryosphere, 2, 131–145, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-2-131-2008, 2008.
Bajracharya, S. R. and Shrestha, B.: The status of glaciers in the Hindu-Kush Himalayan Region, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu, Nepal, 127 pp., 2011.
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Short summary
An overall negative glacier surface area change of 0.5±0.2% yr-1 was observed for the eastern Himalaya since 1962 based on remote sensing data. There were higher rates of area loss for clean glaciers (-34%, or -0.7% yr-1) compared to debris-covered glaciers (-14.3% or -0.3 yr-1) on a glacier-by-glacier basis. Patterns of area change are heterogenous and depend on topographic and climatic factors, glacier altitude (maximum, median, altitudinal range), glacier size, slope and aspect.