Articles | Volume 9, issue 3
The Cryosphere, 9, 1277–1301, 2015

Special issue: Interactions between climate change and the Cryosphere: SVALI,...

The Cryosphere, 9, 1277–1301, 2015

Research article 23 Jun 2015

Research article | 23 Jun 2015

Parameterization of single-scattering properties of snow

P. Räisänen et al.

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Cited articles

Aoki, T., Aoki, T., Fukabori, M., Hachikubo, A., Tachibana, Y., and Nishio, F.: Effects of snow physical parameters on spectral albedo and bidirectional reflectance of snow surface, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 10219–10236,, 2000.
Aoki, T., Kuchiki, K., Niwano, M., Kodama, Y., Hosaka, M., and Tanaka, T.: Physically based snow albedo model for calculating broadband albedos and the solar heating profile in snowpack for general circulation models, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D11114,, 2011.
Barkey, B., Bailey, M., Liou, K.-N., and Hallett, J.: Light-scattering properties of plate and column ice crystals generated in a laboratory cold chamber, Appl. Optics, 41, 5792–5796, 2002.
Baum, B. A., Heymsfield, A. J., Yang, P., and Bedka, S. T., Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds, Part I: Microphysical data and models, J. Appl. Meteorol., 44, 1885–1895,, 2005.
Baum, B. A., Yang, P., Heymsfield, A. J., Schmitt, C. G., Xie, Y., Bansemer, A., Hu, Y.-X., and Zhang, Z.: Improvements in shortwave bulk scattering and absorption models for the remote sensing of ice clouds, J. Appl. Meteorol. Clim., 50, 1037–1056,, 2011.
Short summary
While snow grains are distinctly non-spherical, spheres are often assumed in radiative transfer calculations. Here, angular scattering measurements for blowing snow are used to select an optically equivalent snow grain shape model. Parameterizations are then developed for the asymmetry parameter, single-scattering co-albedo and phase function of snow. The parameterizations will help to improve the treatment of snow in radiative transfer applications, including remote sensing and climate models.