Articles | Volume 14, issue 7
Research article
31 Jul 2020
Research article |  | 31 Jul 2020

Historical Northern Hemisphere snow cover trends and projected changes in the CMIP6 multi-model ensemble

Lawrence Mudryk, María Santolaria-Otín, Gerhard Krinner, Martin Ménégoz, Chris Derksen, Claire Brutel-Vuilmet, Mike Brady, and Richard Essery

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Cited articles

Adler, R. F., Huffman, G. J., Chang, A., Ferraro, R., Xie, P., Janowiak, J., Rudolf, B., Schneider, U., Curtis, S., Bolvin, D., Gruber, A., Susskind, J., and Arkin, P.: The Version 2 Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) Monthly Precipitation Analysis (1979-Present, J. Hydrometeorol., 4, 1147–1167, 2003. 
Allchin, M. I. and Déry, S. J.: Shifting Spatial and Temporal Patterns in the Onset of Seasonally Snow-Dominated Conditions in the Northern Hemisphere, 1972–2017, J. Climate, 32, 4981–5001,, 2019. 
Behrangi, A., Christensen, M., Richardson, M., Lebsock, M., Stephens, G., Huffman, G., Bolvin, D., Adler, R., Gardner, A., Lambrigtsen, B., and Fetzer, E.: Status of high-latitude precipitation estimates from observations and reanalyses, J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos., 121, 4468– 4486,, 2016. 
Berghuijs, W., Woods, R., and Hrachowitz, M.: A precipitation shift from snow towards rain leads to a decrease in streamflow, Nat. Clim. Change, 4, 583–586,, 2014. 
Brown, R. D.: Northern Hemisphere snow cover variability and change, 1915–1997, J. Climate, 13, 2339–2355, 2000. 
Short summary
We analyze how well updated state-of-the-art climate models reproduce observed historical snow cover extent and snow mass and how they project that these quantities will change up to the year 2100. Overall the updated models better represent historical snow extent than previous models, and they simulate stronger historical trends in snow extent and snow mass. They project that spring snow extent will decrease by 8 % for each degree Celsius that the global surface air temperature increases.