Brief communication: Improved measurement of ice layer density in seasonal snowpacks
- 1Department of Geography, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK
- 2Climate Research Division, Environment Canada, Toronto, Canada
- 3National Centre for Earth Observation, University of Reading, Reading, RG6 6AL, UK
- anow at: CORES Science and Engineering Limited, Victoria Garesfield, UK
Abstract. The microstructure and density of ice layers in snowpacks is poorly quantified. Here we present a new field method for measuring the density of ice layers caused by melt or rain-on-snow events. The method was used on 87 ice layer samples taken from natural and artificial ice layers in the Canadian Arctic and mid-latitudes. Mean measured ice layer density was 909 ± 28 kg m−3 with a standard deviation of 23 kg m−3, significantly higher than values typically used in the literature.