Articles | Volume 10, issue 5
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2069-2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2069-2016
Research article
 | 
14 Sep 2016
Research article |  | 14 Sep 2016

Brief communication: Improved measurement of ice layer density in seasonal snowpacks

Tom Watts, Nick Rutter, Peter Toose, Chris Derksen, Melody Sandells, and John Woodward

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Short summary
Ice layers in snowpacks introduce uncertainty in satellite-derived estimates of snow water equivalent, have ecological impacts on plants and animals, and change the thermal and vapour transport properties of the snowpack. Here we present a new field method for measuring the density of ice layers. The method was used in the Arctic and mid-latitudes; the mean measured ice layer density was significantly higher than values typically used in the literature.