Articles | Volume 11, issue 3
The Cryosphere, 11, 1351–1370, 2017

Special issue: The evolution of permafrost in mountain regions

The Cryosphere, 11, 1351–1370, 2017

Research article 09 Jun 2017

Research article | 09 Jun 2017

Wind-driven snow conditions control the occurrence of contemporary marginal mountain permafrost in the Chic-Choc Mountains, south-eastern Canada: a case study from Mont Jacques-Cartier

Gautier Davesne et al.

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Cited articles

Abramov, A., Grüber, S., and Gilichinsky, D.: Mountain permafrost on active volcanoes: field data and statistical mapping, Klyuchevskaya volcano group, Kamchatka, Russia, Permafrost Periglac., 19, 261–277,, 2008.
Apaloo, J., Brenning, A., and Bodin, X.: Interactions between seasonal snow cover, ground surface temperature and topography (Andes of Santiago, Chile, 33.5 S), Permafrost Periglac., 23, 277–291,, 2012.
Ardelean, A. C., Onaca, A. L., Urdea, P., Şerban, R. D., and Sîrbu, F.: A first estimate of permafrost distribution from BTS measurements in the Romanian Carpathians (Retezat Mountains), Géomorphologie: relief, processus, environnement, 21, 297–312, 2015.
Bédard, J., Yu, W., Gagnon, Y., and Masson, C.: Development of a geophysic model output statistics module for improving short-term numerical wind predictions over complex sites, Wind Energy, 16, 1131–1147,, 2013.
Brown, R. J.: Permafrost distribution in the southern part of the discontinuous zone in Quebec and Labrador, Géogr. Phys. Quatern., 33, 279–289, 1979.
Short summary
This study presents data from Mont Jacques-Cartier, the highest summit in the Appalachians of south-eastern Canada, to demonstrate that the occurrence of contemporary permafrost body is associated with a very thin and wind-packed winter snow cover which brings local azonal topo-climatic conditions on the dome-shaped summit. This study is an important preliminary step in modelling the regional spatial distribution of permafrost on the highest summits in eastern North America.