Articles | Volume 12, issue 2
The Cryosphere, 12, 741–757, 2018

Special issue: Changing Permafrost in the Arctic and its Global Effects in...

The Cryosphere, 12, 741–757, 2018

Research article 01 Mar 2018

Research article | 01 Mar 2018

Effects of short-term variability of meteorological variables on soil temperature in permafrost regions

Christian Beer et al.

Related authors

Long-term deglacial permafrost carbon dynamics in MPI-ESM
Thomas Schneider von Deimling, Thomas Kleinen, Gustaf Hugelius, Christian Knoblauch, Christian Beer, and Victor Brovkin
Clim. Past, 14, 2011–2036,,, 2018
Short summary
Reviews and syntheses: Carbon use efficiency from organisms to ecosystems – definitions, theories, and empirical evidence
Stefano Manzoni, Petr Čapek, Philipp Porada, Martin Thurner, Mattias Winterdahl, Christian Beer, Volker Brüchert, Jan Frouz, Anke M. Herrmann, Björn D. Lindahl, Steve W. Lyon, Hana Šantrůčková, Giulia Vico, and Danielle Way
Biogeosciences, 15, 5929–5949,,, 2018
Short summary
Year-round simulated methane emissions from a permafrost ecosystem in Northeast Siberia
Karel Castro-Morales, Thomas Kleinen, Sonja Kaiser, Sönke Zaehle, Fanny Kittler, Min Jung Kwon, Christian Beer, and Mathias Göckede
Biogeosciences, 15, 2691–2722,,, 2018
Short summary
Carbon stocks and fluxes in the high latitudes: using site-level data to evaluate Earth system models
Sarah E. Chadburn, Gerhard Krinner, Philipp Porada, Annett Bartsch, Christian Beer, Luca Belelli Marchesini, Julia Boike, Altug Ekici, Bo Elberling, Thomas Friborg, Gustaf Hugelius, Margareta Johansson, Peter Kuhry, Lars Kutzbach, Moritz Langer, Magnus Lund, Frans-Jan W. Parmentier, Shushi Peng, Ko Van Huissteden, Tao Wang, Sebastian Westermann, Dan Zhu, and Eleanor J. Burke
Biogeosciences, 14, 5143–5169,,, 2017
Short summary
Estimating global nitrous oxide emissions by lichens and bryophytes with a process-based productivity model
Philipp Porada, Ulrich Pöschl, Axel Kleidon, Christian Beer, and Bettina Weber
Biogeosciences, 14, 1593–1602,,, 2017
Short summary

Related subject area

Energy Balance Obs/Modelling
Snow model comparison to simulate snow depth evolution and sublimation at point scale in the semi-arid Andes of Chile
Annelies Voordendag, Marion Réveillet, Shelley MacDonell, and Stef Lhermitte
The Cryosphere, 15, 4241–4259,,, 2021
Short summary
Brief communication: Evaluation of multiple density-dependent empirical snow conductivity relationships in East Antarctica
Minghu Ding, Tong Zhang, Diyi Yang, Ian Allison, Tingfeng Dou, and Cunde Xiao
The Cryosphere, 15, 4201–4206,,, 2021
Short summary
Sensitivity of the surface energy budget to drifting snow as simulated by MAR in coastal Adelie Land, Antarctica
Louis Le Toumelin, Charles Amory, Vincent Favier, Christoph Kittel, Stefan Hofer, Xavier Fettweis, Hubert Gallée, and Vinay Kayetha
The Cryosphere, 15, 3595–3614,,, 2021
Short summary
Firn changes at Colle Gnifetti revealed with a high-resolution process-based physical model approach
Enrico Mattea, Horst Machguth, Marlene Kronenberg, Ward van Pelt, Manuela Bassi, and Martin Hoelzle
The Cryosphere, 15, 3181–3205,,, 2021
Short summary
The surface energy balance in a cold and arid permafrost environment, Ladakh, Himalayas, India
John Mohd Wani, Renoj J. Thayyen, Chandra Shekhar Prasad Ojha, and Stephan Gruber
The Cryosphere, 15, 2273–2293,,, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

Abels, H.: Beobachtungen der täglichen Periode der Temperatur im Schnee und Bestimmung des Wärmeleitungsvermögens des Schnees als Funktion seiner Dichtigkeit, Repertorium für Meteorologie, 16, 1892. a, b
ALCC: GIPL model results, available at:, last access: 28 February 2018. 
Arrhenius, S.: Über die Reaktionsgeschwindigkeit bei der Inversion von Rohrzucker durch Säuren, Z. Phys. Chem., 4, 226–248, 1889. a, b
Beer, C.: Soil science: the Arctic carbon count, Nat. Geosci., 1, 569–570, available at:, 2008. a, b
Beer, C.: Permafrost sub-grid heterogeneity of soil properties key for 3-D soil processes and future climate projections, Front. Earth Sci., 4, 81,, 2016. a
Short summary
Idealized model experiments demonstrate that, in addition to a gradual climate change, changing daily to weekly variability of meteorological variables and extreme events will also have an impact on mean annual ground temperature in high-latitude permafrost areas. In fact, results of the land surface model experiments show that the projected increase of variability of meteorological variables leads to cooler permafrost soil in contrast to an otherwise soil warming in response to climate change.