Articles | Volume 9, issue 2
The Cryosphere, 9, 767–779, 2015
The Cryosphere, 9, 767–779, 2015
Research article
27 Apr 2015
Research article | 27 Apr 2015

A model study of Abrahamsenbreen, a surging glacier in northern Spitsbergen

J. Oerlemans and W. J. J. van Pelt

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Cited articles

A\dhalgeirsdóttir, G., Björnsson, H., Pálsson, F., and Magnússon, E.: Analysis of a surging outlet glacier of Vatnajökull ice cap, Iceland, Ann. Glaciol., 42, 23–28, 2005.
Bintanja, R. and Selten, F. M.: Future increases in Arctic prtecipitation linked to local evaporation and sea-ice retreat, Nature, 509, 479–482,, 2014.
Divine, D., Isaksson, E., Martma, T., Meijer, H., Moore, J., Pohjola, V., van de Wal, R., and Godtliebsen, F.: Thousand years of winter surface air temperature variations in Svalbard and northern Norway reconstructed from ice core data, Polar Res., 30, 7379,, 2011.
Dowdeswell, J. A., Hamilton, G. S., and Hagen, J. O.: The duration of the active phase on surge-type glaciers: contrasts between Svalbard and other regions, J. Glaciol., 37, 388–400, 1991.
Dunse, T., Schuler, T. V., Hagen, J. O., and Reijmer, C. H.: Seasonal speed-up of two outlet glaciers of Austfonna, Svalbard, inferred from continuous GPS measurements, The Cryosphere, 6, 453–466,, 2012.
Short summary
Many glaciers on Svalbard are surging glaciers. A surge is a rapid advance of the glacier snout during a few years, followed by a long period of quiescence. During the surge ice flows to lower terrain and experiences higher melt rates in summer. Here we investigate the impact of surging on the long-term effects of climate warming. We have modelled Abrahamsenbreen in northern Spitsbergen as a typical case. We show that surges tend to accelerate glacier retreat when temperature increases.