Articles | Volume 16, issue 12
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-5023-2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-5023-2022
Research article
 | 
20 Dec 2022
Research article |  | 20 Dec 2022

Estimation of stream water components and residence time in a permafrost catchment in the central Tibetan Plateau using long-term water stable isotopic data

Shaoyong Wang, Xiaobo He, Shichang Kang, Hui Fu, and Xiaofeng Hong

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Cited articles

Carey, S. K. and Quinton, W. L.: Evaluating runoff generation during summer using hydrometric, stable isotope and hydrochemical methods in a discontinuous permafrost alpine catchment, Hydrol. Process., 19, 95–114, https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.5764, 2005. 
Cheng, G., Zhao, L., Li, R., Wu, X., Sheng, Y., Hu, G., Zou, D., Jin, H., Li, X., and Wu, Q.: Characteristic, changes and impacts of permafrost on Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Chinese Sci. Bull., 64, 2783–2795, https://doi.org/10.1360/TB-2019-0191, 2019. 
Cheng, G. D. and Jin, H. J.: Groundwater in the permafrost regions on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and it changes, Hydrogeology & Engineering Geology, 40, 1–11, https://doi.org/10.16030/j.cnki.issn.1000-3665.2013.01.017, 2013. 
Chiogna, G., Santoni, E., Camin, F., Tonon, A., Majone, B., Trenti, A., and Bellin, A.: Stable isotope characterization of the Vermigliana catchment, J. Hydrol., 509, 295–305, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.11.052, 2014. 
CMA Climate Change Centre: Blue Book on Climate Change in China, edited by: Song, L., Chao, Q., and Wang, P., Science Press, Beijing, 67–68, ISBN 978-7-03-069503-1, 2021. 
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Short summary
This study used the sine-wave exponential model and long-term water stable isotopic data to estimate water mean residence time (MRT) and its influencing factors in a high-altitude permafrost catchment (5300 m a.s.l.) in the central Tibetan Plateau (TP). MRT for stream and supra-permafrost water was estimated at 100 and 255 d, respectively. Climate and vegetation factors affected the MRT of stream and supra-permafrost water mainly by changing the thickness of the permafrost active layer.