Articles | Volume 16, issue 2
The Cryosphere, 16, 451–469, 2022
The Cryosphere, 16, 451–469, 2022
Research article
 | Highlight paper
08 Feb 2022
Research article  | Highlight paper | 08 Feb 2022

Layered seawater intrusion and melt under grounded ice

Alexander A. Robel et al.

Related authors

A probabilistic framework for quantifying the role of anthropogenic climate change in marine-terminating glacier retreats
John Erich Christian, Alexander A. Robel, and Ginny Catania
The Cryosphere Discuss.,,, 2022
Revised manuscript accepted for TC
Short summary
The contrasting response of outlet glaciers to interior and ocean forcing
John Erich Christian, Alexander A. Robel, Cristian Proistosescu, Gerard Roe, Michelle Koutnik, and Knut Christianson
The Cryosphere, 14, 2515–2535,,, 2020
Short summary
Persistence and variability of ice-stream grounding lines on retrograde bed slopes
Alexander A. Robel, Christian Schoof, and Eli Tziperman
The Cryosphere, 10, 1883–1896,,, 2016
Short summary

Related subject area

Discipline: Ice sheets | Subject: Ocean Interactions
The impact of tides on Antarctic ice shelf melting
Ole Richter, David E. Gwyther, Matt A. King, and Benjamin K. Galton-Fenzi
The Cryosphere, 16, 1409–1429,,, 2022
Short summary
The Antarctic Coastal Current in the Bellingshausen Sea
Ryan Schubert, Andrew F. Thompson, Kevin Speer, Lena Schulze Chretien, and Yana Bebieva
The Cryosphere, 15, 4179–4199,,, 2021
Short summary
Surface emergence of glacial plumes determined by fjord stratification
Eva De Andrés, Donald A. Slater, Fiamma Straneo, Jaime Otero, Sarah Das, and Francisco Navarro
The Cryosphere, 14, 1951–1969,,, 2020
Short summary
Twenty-first century ocean forcing of the Greenland ice sheet for modelling of sea level contribution
Donald A. Slater, Denis Felikson, Fiamma Straneo, Heiko Goelzer, Christopher M. Little, Mathieu Morlighem, Xavier Fettweis, and Sophie Nowicki
The Cryosphere, 14, 985–1008,,, 2020
Short summary
Exploring mechanisms responsible for tidal modulation in flow of the Filchner–Ronne Ice Shelf
Sebastian H. R. Rosier and G. Hilmar Gudmundsson
The Cryosphere, 14, 17–37,,, 2020
Short summary

Cited articles

Adams, E. E., Sahoo, D., Liro, C. R., and Zhang, X.: Hydraulics of seawater purging in tunneled wastewater outfall, J. Hydraul. Eng., 120, 209–226, 1994. a
Arthern, R. J. and Williams, C. R.: The sensitivity of West Antarctica to the submarine melting feedback, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 2352–2359, 2017. a, b
Asay-Davis, X. S., Cornford, S. L., Durand, G., Galton-Fenzi, B. K., Gladstone, R. M., Gudmundsson, G. H., Hattermann, T., Holland, D. M., Holland, D., Holland, P. R., Martin, D. F., Mathiot, P., Pattyn, F., and Seroussi, H.: Experimental design for three interrelated marine ice sheet and ocean model intercomparison projects: MISMIP v. 3 (MISMIP +), ISOMIP v. 2 (ISOMIP +) and MISOMIP v. 1 (MISOMIP1), Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 2471–2497,, 2016. a, b
Begeman, C. B., Tulaczyk, S. M., Marsh, O. J., Mikucki, J. A., Stanton, T. P., Hodson, T. O., Siegfried, M. R., Powell, R. D., Christianson, K., and King, M. A.: Ocean stratification and low melt rates at the Ross Ice Shelf grounding zone, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 123, 7438–7452, 2018. a, b, c
Bevan, S. L., Luckman, A. J., Benn, D. I., Adusumilli, S., and Crawford, A.: Brief communication: Thwaites Glacier cavity evolution, The Cryosphere, 15, 3317–3328,, 2021. a
Short summary
Warm seawater may intrude as a thin layer below glaciers in contact with the ocean. Mathematical theory predicts that this intrusion may extend over distances of kilometers under realistic conditions. Computer models demonstrate that if this warm seawater causes melting of a glacier bottom, it can cause rates of glacier ice loss and sea level rise to be up to 2 times faster in response to potential future ocean warming.