Articles | Volume 13, issue 9
The Cryosphere, 13, 2281–2301, 2019
The Cryosphere, 13, 2281–2301, 2019

Research article 05 Sep 2019

Research article | 05 Sep 2019

Modeling the response of Greenland outlet glaciers to global warming using a coupled flow line–plume model

Johanna Beckmann et al.

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Cited articles

Amundson, J. M. and Carroll, D.: Effect of Topography on Subglacial Discharge and Submarine Melting During Tidewater Glacier Retreat, J. Geophys. Res.-Earth, 123, 66–79,, 2018. a, b, c
Aschwanden, A., Fahnestock, M. A., and Truffer, M.: Complex Greenland outlet glacier flow captured, Nat. Communi., 7, 10524,, 2016. a
Bamber, J. L., Griggs, J. A., Hurkmans, R. T. W. L., Dowdeswell, J. A., Gogineni, S. P., Howat, I., Mouginot, J., Paden, J., Palmer, S., Rignot, E., and Steinhage, D.: A new bed elevation dataset for Greenland, The Cryosphere, 7, 499–510,, 2013. a
Beckmann, J. and Perrette, M.: Datasets as used in Beckmann et al. The Cryosphere [Data set], Zenodo,, 2019a. a
Beckmann, J. and Perrette, M.: fjordmelt, available at:, last access: 12 August 2019b. a
Short summary
Submarine melting (SM) has been discussed as potentially triggering the recently observed retreat at outlet glaciers in Greenland. How much it may contribute in terms of future sea level rise (SLR) has not been quantified yet. When accounting for SM in our experiments, SLR contribution of 12 outlet glaciers increases by over 3-fold until the year 2100 under RCP8.5. Scaling up from 12 to all of Greenland's outlet glaciers increases future SLR contribution of Greenland by 50 %.