Articles | Volume 11, issue 4
The Cryosphere, 11, 1691–1705, 2017

Special issue: The evolution of permafrost in mountain regions

The Cryosphere, 11, 1691–1705, 2017

Research article 21 Jul 2017

Research article | 21 Jul 2017

New observations indicate the possible presence of permafrost in North Africa (Djebel Toubkal, High Atlas, Morocco)

Gonçalo Vieira et al.

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Cited articles

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Badri, W., Gauquelin, T., Minet, J., and Savoie, J. M.: Données météorologiques nouvelles sur le massif de Oukaimeden (2570 m, Haut Atlas de Marrakech, Maroc): un exemple de climat de haute montagne méditerranéenne, Publications de l'Association Internationale de e Climatologie, 7, 190–198, 1994.
Biskaborn, B. K., Lanckman, J.-P., Lantuit, H., Elger, K., Streletskiy, D. A., Cable, W. L., and Romanovsky, V. E.: The new database of the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost (GTN-P), Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 7, 245–259,, 2015.
Boudhar, A., Hanich, L., Boulet, G., Duchemin, B., Berjamy, B., and Chehbouni, A.: Evaluation of the Snowmelt Runoff Model in the Moroccan High Atlas Mountains using two snow-cover estimates, Hydrol. Sci. J., 54, 1094–1113,, 2009.
Boudhar, A., Boulet, G., Hanich, L., Sicart, J. E., and Chehbouni, A.: Energy fluxes and melt rate of a seasonal snow cover in the Moroccan High Atlas, Hydrol. Sci. J., 1, 931–943,, 2016.
Short summary
The Toubkal is the highest massif in North Africa (4167 m). Landforms and deposits above 3000 m show the effects of frost action in the present-day geomorphological dynamics, but data on ground temperatures were lacking. In this study ground surface temperature data measured across an altitudinal transect are presented and analysed for the first time. The highlight is the possible occurrence of permafrost at an elevation of 3800 m, which may be of high ecological and hydrological significance.