Articles | Volume 10, issue 1
Research article
18 Jan 2016
Research article |  | 18 Jan 2016

Ablation from calving and surface melt at lake-terminating Bridge Glacier, British Columbia, 1984–2013

M. Chernos, M. Koppes, and R. D. Moore

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Cited articles

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BC Ministry of Environment: Historic Snow Survey Data,, last access: 30 September 2014.
Benn, D., Hulton, N., and Mottram, R.: 'Calving laws', 'sliding laws' and the stability of tidewater glaciers, Ann. Glaciol., 46, 123–130, 2007a.
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Bird, L.: Hydrology and thermal regime of a proglacial lake fed by a calving glacier, Master's thesis, University of British Columbia, British Columbia, 2014.
Short summary
Ice loss from calving and surface melt is estimated at lake-terminating Bridge Glacier, British Columbia, Canada, from 1984 to 2013. Since the glacier's terminus began to float in 1991, calving has accounted for 10-25% of the glacier's total ice loss below the ELA. Overall, calving is a relatively small component of ice loss and is expected to decrease in importance in the future as the glacier retreats onto dry land. Hence, projections of future retreat remain dependent on climatic conditions.