Articles | Volume 9, issue 6
The Cryosphere, 9, 2253–2270, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-9-2253-2015
The Cryosphere, 9, 2253–2270, 2015
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-9-2253-2015

Research article 04 Dec 2015

Research article | 04 Dec 2015

Investigation of a deep ice core from the Elbrus western plateau, the Caucasus, Russia

V. Mikhalenko et al.

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Cited articles

Abich, H.: Geologische Beobachtungen auf Reisen im Kaukasus im Jahre 1873, Bulletin de la Société impériale des naturalistes de Moscou, 48(2), 278–342 + 1 Karte, 1874.
AMAP: Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA): Climate Change and the Cryosphere, Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, 538 pp., 2011.
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Arkhipov, S. M., Mikhalenko, V. N., Thompson, L. G., Zagorodnov, V. S., Kunakhovich, M. G., Smirnov, K. E., Makarov, A. V., and Kuznetsov, M. P.: Stratigrafiya deyatelnogo sloya lednikovogo kupola Vetreniy na ostrove Graham Bell, Zemlya Frantsa Iosifa (Stratigraphy of the active layer of the Vetreny Ice Cap, Graham Bell Island, Franz Josef Land), Materialy glyatsiologicheskikh issledovanii (Data Glaciol. Stud.), 90, 169–186, 2001 (in Russian with English summary).
ASTER GDEM Validation Team: ASTER Global DEM Validation Summary Report, Sioux Falls, USA, 28 pp., 2009.
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Short summary
For the first time an ice core unaffected by melting was recovered from the western Elbrus plateau in the Caucasus. The preserved chemical and isotopic data are considered a source of paleo-climate information for southern/eastern Europe. Considerable snow accumulation (about 1500mm w.e.) and high sampling resolution allowed seasonal variability to be obtained in climate signals, covering a time period of about 200 years. Ice flow models suggest that the basal ice age can be more than 600 years.