Articles | Volume 15, issue 9
Research article
28 Sep 2021
Research article |  | 28 Sep 2021

Modeling the Greenland englacial stratigraphy

Andreas Born and Alexander Robinson

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Cited articles

Abe-Ouchi, A., Saito, F., Kageyama, M., Braconnot, P., Harrison, S. P., Lambeck, K., Otto-Bliesner, B. L., Peltier, W. R., Tarasov, L., Peterschmitt, J.-Y., and Takahashi, K.: Ice-sheet configuration in the CMIP5/PMIP3 Last Glacial Maximum experiments, Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 3621–3637,, 2015. a
Barker, S., Knorr, G., Edwards, R. L., Parrenin, F., Putnam, A. E., Skinner, L. C., Wolff, E., and Ziegler, M.: 800,000 Years of Abrupt Climate Variability, Science, 334, 347–351,, 2011. a
Bons, P. D., Jansen, D., Mundel, F., Bauer, C. C., Binder, T., Eisen, O., Jessell, M. W., Llorens, M.-G., Steinbach, F., Steinhage, D., and Weikusat, I.: Converging flow and anisotropy cause large-scale folding in Greenland’s ice sheet, Nat. Commun., 7, 11427,, 2019. a
Born, A.: Tracer transport in an isochronal ice sheet model, J. Glaciol., 63, 22–38,, 2017. a, b, c
Born, A., Imhof, M. A., and Stocker, T. F.: An efficient surface energy–mass balance model for snow and ice, The Cryosphere, 13, 1529–1546,, 2019. a
Short summary
Ice penetrating radar reflections from the Greenland ice sheet are the best available record of past accumulation and how these layers have been deformed over time by the flow of ice. Direct simulations of this archive hold great promise for improving our models and for uncovering details of ice sheet dynamics that neither models nor data could achieve alone. We present the first three-dimensional ice sheet model that explicitly simulates individual layers of accumulation and how they deform.