Articles | Volume 14, issue 5
Research article
13 May 2020
Research article |  | 13 May 2020

Incorporating moisture content in surface energy balance modeling of a debris-covered glacier

Alexandra Giese, Aaron Boone, Patrick Wagnon, and Robert Hawley

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Cited articles

Azam, M. F., Wagnon, P., Vincent, C., Ramanathan, AL., Favier, V., Mandal, A., and Pottakkal, J. G.: Processes governing the mass balance of Chhota Shigri Glacier (western Himalaya, India) assessed by point-scale surface energy balance measurements, The Cryosphere, 8, 2195–2217,, 2014. a
Blum, W. E., Nortcliff, S., and Schad, P.: Essentials of soil science: soil formation, functions, use and classification (world reference base), Borntraeger, 2018. a, b
Boone, A. and Etchevers, P.: An intercomparison of three snow schemes of varying complexity coupled to the same land surface model: Local-scale evaluation at an Alpine site, J. Hydrometeorol., 2, 374–394, 2001. a, b
Boone, A., Calvet, J.-C., and Noilhan, J.: Inclusion of a third soil layer in a land surface scheme using the force–restore method, J. Appl. Meteorol., 38, 1611–1630, 1999. a
Boone, A., Masson, V., Meyers, T., and Noilhan, J.: The influence of the inclusion of soil freezing on simulations by a soil–vegetation–atmosphere transfer scheme, J. Appl. Meteorol., 39, 1544–1569, 2000. a, b, c, d
Short summary
Rocky debris on glacier surfaces is known to affect the melt of mountain glaciers. Debris can be dry or filled to varying extents with liquid water and ice; whether debris is dry, wet, and/or icy affects how efficiently heat is conducted through debris from its surface to the ice interface. Our paper presents a new energy balance model that simulates moisture phase, evolution, and location in debris. ISBA-DEB is applied to West Changri Nup glacier in Nepal to reveal important physical processes.