Articles | Volume 12, issue 9
The Cryosphere, 12, 2855–2868, 2018
The Cryosphere, 12, 2855–2868, 2018
Research article
06 Sep 2018
Research article | 06 Sep 2018

Investigating future changes in the volume budget of the Arctic sea ice in a coupled climate model

Ann Keen and Ed Blockley

Related authors

An inter-comparison of the mass budget of the Arctic sea ice in CMIP6 models
Ann Keen, Ed Blockley, David A. Bailey, Jens Boldingh Debernard, Mitchell Bushuk, Steve Delhaye, David Docquier, Daniel Feltham, François Massonnet, Siobhan O'Farrell, Leandro Ponsoni, José M. Rodriguez, David Schroeder, Neil Swart, Takahiro Toyoda, Hiroyuki Tsujino, Martin Vancoppenolle, and Klaus Wyser
The Cryosphere, 15, 951–982,,, 2021
Short summary
The sea ice model component of HadGEM3-GC3.1
Jeff K. Ridley, Edward W. Blockley, Ann B. Keen, Jamie G. L. Rae, Alex E. West, and David Schroeder
Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 713–723,,, 2018
Short summary
Brief Communication: Does it matter exactly when the Arctic will become ice-free?
J. K. Ridley, R. A. Wood, A. B. Keen, E. Blockley, and J. A. Lowe
The Cryosphere Discuss.,,, 2016
Revised manuscript has not been submitted
Short summary
Development of the Global Sea Ice 6.0 CICE configuration for the Met Office Global Coupled model
J. G. L. Rae, H. T. Hewitt, A. B. Keen, J. K. Ridley, A. E. West, C. M. Harris, E. C. Hunke, and D. N. Walters
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 2221–2230,,, 2015
Short summary
Mechanisms causing reduced Arctic sea ice loss in a coupled climate model
A. E. West, A. B. Keen, and H. T. Hewitt
The Cryosphere, 7, 555–567,,, 2013

Related subject area

Discipline: Sea ice | Subject: Numerical Modelling
Sea ice floe size: its impact on pan-Arctic and local ice mass and required model complexity
Adam William Bateson, Daniel L. Feltham, David Schröder, Yanan Wang, Byongjun Hwang, Jeff K. Ridley, and Yevgeny Aksenov
The Cryosphere, 16, 2565–2593,,, 2022
Short summary
A probabilistic seabed–ice keel interaction model
Frédéric Dupont, Dany Dumont, Jean-François Lemieux, Elie Dumas-Lefebvre, and Alain Caya
The Cryosphere, 16, 1963–1977,,, 2022
Short summary
The effect of changing sea ice on wave climate trends along Alaska's central Beaufort Sea coast
Kees Nederhoff, Li Erikson, Anita Engelstad, Peter Bieniek, and Jeremy Kasper
The Cryosphere, 16, 1609–1629,,, 2022
Short summary
Arctic sea ice anomalies during the MOSAiC winter 2019/20
Klaus Dethloff, Wieslaw Maslowski, Stefan Hendricks, Younjoo J. Lee, Helge F. Goessling, Thomas Krumpen, Christian Haas, Dörthe Handorf, Robert Ricker, Vladimir Bessonov, John J. Cassano, Jaclyn Clement Kinney, Robert Osinski, Markus Rex, Annette Rinke, Julia Sokolova, and Anja Sommerfeld
The Cryosphere, 16, 981–1005,,, 2022
Short summary
Edge displacement scores
Arne Melsom
The Cryosphere, 15, 3785–3796,,, 2021
Short summary

Cited articles

Bathiany, S., Notz, D., Mauritsen, T., Raedel, G., and Brovkin, V.: On the Potential for Abrupt Arctic Winter Sea ice Loss, J. Climate, 29, 2703–2719,, 2016. 
Burgard, C. and Notz, D.: Drivers of Arctic Ocean warming in CMIP5 models, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 4263–4271,, 2017. 
Curry, J. A., Schramm, J. L., Perovich, D. K., and Pinto, J. O.: Applications of SHEBA/FIRE data to evaluation of snow/ice albedo parameterizations, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 15345–15355,, 2001. 
English, J. M., Gettelman, A., and Henderson, G. R.: Arctic Radiative Fluxes: Present-Day Biases and Future Projections in CMIP5 Models, J. Climate, 28, 6019–6038,, 2015. 
Short summary
As the climate warms during the 21st century, our model shows extra melting at the top and the base of the Arctic sea ice. The reducing ice cover affects the impact these processes have on the sea ice volume budget, where the largest individual change is a reduction in the amount of growth at the base of existing ice. Using different forcing scenarios we show that, for this model, changes in the volume budget depend on the evolving ice area but not on the speed at which the ice area declines.