Articles | Volume 12, issue 9
Research article
06 Sep 2018
Research article |  | 06 Sep 2018

Investigating future changes in the volume budget of the Arctic sea ice in a coupled climate model

Ann Keen and Ed Blockley

Related authors

An inter-comparison of the mass budget of the Arctic sea ice in CMIP6 models
Ann Keen, Ed Blockley, David A. Bailey, Jens Boldingh Debernard, Mitchell Bushuk, Steve Delhaye, David Docquier, Daniel Feltham, François Massonnet, Siobhan O'Farrell, Leandro Ponsoni, José M. Rodriguez, David Schroeder, Neil Swart, Takahiro Toyoda, Hiroyuki Tsujino, Martin Vancoppenolle, and Klaus Wyser
The Cryosphere, 15, 951–982,,, 2021
Short summary
The sea ice model component of HadGEM3-GC3.1
Jeff K. Ridley, Edward W. Blockley, Ann B. Keen, Jamie G. L. Rae, Alex E. West, and David Schroeder
Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 713–723,,, 2018
Short summary
Brief Communication: Does it matter exactly when the Arctic will become ice-free?
J. K. Ridley, R. A. Wood, A. B. Keen, E. Blockley, and J. A. Lowe
The Cryosphere Discuss.,,, 2016
Revised manuscript has not been submitted
Short summary
Development of the Global Sea Ice 6.0 CICE configuration for the Met Office Global Coupled model
J. G. L. Rae, H. T. Hewitt, A. B. Keen, J. K. Ridley, A. E. West, C. M. Harris, E. C. Hunke, and D. N. Walters
Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 2221–2230,,, 2015
Short summary
Mechanisms causing reduced Arctic sea ice loss in a coupled climate model
A. E. West, A. B. Keen, and H. T. Hewitt
The Cryosphere, 7, 555–567,,, 2013

Related subject area

Discipline: Sea ice | Subject: Numerical Modelling
The effect of partial dissolution on sea-ice chemical transport: a combined model–observational study using poly- and perfluoroalkylated substances (PFASs)
Max Thomas, Briana Cate, Jack Garnett, Inga J. Smith, Martin Vancoppenolle, and Crispin Halsall
The Cryosphere, 17, 3193–3201,,, 2023
Short summary
Deep learning subgrid-scale parametrisations for short-term forecasting of sea-ice dynamics with a Maxwell elasto-brittle rheology
Tobias Sebastian Finn, Charlotte Durand, Alban Farchi, Marc Bocquet, Yumeng Chen, Alberto Carrassi, and Véronique Dansereau
The Cryosphere, 17, 2965–2991,,, 2023
Short summary
Impact of atmospheric forcing uncertainties on Arctic and Antarctic sea ice simulations in CMIP6 OMIP models
Xia Lin, François Massonnet, Thierry Fichefet, and Martin Vancoppenolle
The Cryosphere, 17, 1935–1965,,, 2023
Short summary
Arctic sea ice mass balance in a new coupled ice–ocean model using a brittle rheology framework
Guillaume Boutin, Einar Ólason, Pierre Rampal, Heather Regan, Camille Lique, Claude Talandier, Laurent Brodeau, and Robert Ricker
The Cryosphere, 17, 617–638,,, 2023
Short summary
Wave-triggered breakup in the marginal ice zone generates lognormal floe size distributions: a simulation study
Nicolas Guillaume Alexandre Mokus and Fabien Montiel
The Cryosphere, 16, 4447–4472,,, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Bathiany, S., Notz, D., Mauritsen, T., Raedel, G., and Brovkin, V.: On the Potential for Abrupt Arctic Winter Sea ice Loss, J. Climate, 29, 2703–2719,, 2016. 
Burgard, C. and Notz, D.: Drivers of Arctic Ocean warming in CMIP5 models, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 4263–4271,, 2017. 
Curry, J. A., Schramm, J. L., Perovich, D. K., and Pinto, J. O.: Applications of SHEBA/FIRE data to evaluation of snow/ice albedo parameterizations, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 15345–15355,, 2001. 
English, J. M., Gettelman, A., and Henderson, G. R.: Arctic Radiative Fluxes: Present-Day Biases and Future Projections in CMIP5 Models, J. Climate, 28, 6019–6038,, 2015. 
Short summary
As the climate warms during the 21st century, our model shows extra melting at the top and the base of the Arctic sea ice. The reducing ice cover affects the impact these processes have on the sea ice volume budget, where the largest individual change is a reduction in the amount of growth at the base of existing ice. Using different forcing scenarios we show that, for this model, changes in the volume budget depend on the evolving ice area but not on the speed at which the ice area declines.