Articles | Volume 12, issue 1
Research article
08 Jan 2018
Research article |  | 08 Jan 2018

Frazil-ice growth rate and dynamics in mixed layers and sub-ice-shelf plumes

David W. Rees Jones and Andrew J. Wells

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Cited articles

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Carstens, T.: Experiments with supercooling and ice formation in flowing water, Geofys. Publ. Norway, 26, 3–18, 1966. a, b, c
Daly, S. F.: Frazil ice dynamics, CRREL Monograph, 84, 46 pp., 1984. a, b, c, d, e, f
Daly, S. F.: Report on frazil ice, Tech. Rep. 94-23, USA Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, CRREL Special Report, Hanover, New Hampshire, USA, 1994. a
Engelhardt, H. and Determann, J.: Borehole evidence for a thick layer of basal ice in the central Ronne Ice Shelf, Nature, 327, 318–319,, 1987. a
Short summary
Frazil or granular ice grows rapidly from turbulent water cooled beneath its freezing temperature. We analyse numerical models of a population of ice crystals to provide insight into the treatment of frazil ice in large-scale models and hence in the environment. We determine critical conditions for explosively rapid frazil growth. We show that frazil-ice processes impact whether a plume of ice shelf water beneath an Antarctic ice shelf intrudes at depth or reaches the end of the shelf.