Articles | Volume 16, issue 5
The Cryosphere, 16, 1793–1806, 2022

Special issue: Modelling inland waters in a changing climate (GMD/ESD/TC...

The Cryosphere, 16, 1793–1806, 2022
Research article
10 May 2022
Research article | 10 May 2022

Sunlight penetration dominates the thermal regime and energetics of a shallow ice-covered lake in arid climate

Wenfeng Huang et al.

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Cited articles

Aslamov, I. A., Kozlov, V. V., Kirillin, G. B., Mizandrontsev, I. B., Kucher, K. M., Makarov, M. M., and Granin, N. G.: A study of heat transport at the ice base and structure of the under-ice water layer in southern Baikal, Water Resour., 44, 428–441, 2017. 
Bernhardt, J., Engelhardt, C., Kirillin, G., and Matschullat, J.: Lake ice phenology in Berlin-Brandenburg from 1947–2007: observations and model hindcasts, Climatic Change, 112, 791–817, 2012. 
Bluteau, C. E., Pieters, R., and Lawrence, G. A.: The effects of salt exclusion during ice formation on circulation in lakes, Environ. Fluid Mech., 17, 579–590, 2017. 
Bouffard, D., Zdorovennova, G., Bogdanov, S., Efremova, T., Lavanchy, L., Palshin, N., Terzhevik, A., Vinnå, L. R., Volkov, S., Wüest, A., Zdorovennov, R., and Ulloa, H. N.: Under-ice convection dynamics in a boreal lake, Inland Waters, 9, 142–161,, 2019. 
Cavaliere, E. and Baulch, H. M.: Denitrification under lake ice, Biogeochemistry, 137, 285–295, 2018. 
Short summary
Thermal regimes of seasonally ice-covered lakes in an arid region like Central Asia are not well constrained despite the unique climate. We observed annual and seasonal dynamics of thermal stratification and energetics in a shallow arid-region lake. Strong penetrated solar radiation and high water-to-ice heat flux are the predominant components in water heat balance. The under-ice stratification and convection are jointly governed by the radiative penetration and salt rejection during freezing.