Articles | Volume 16, issue 5
The Cryosphere, 16, 1793–1806, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1793-2022

Special issue: Modelling inland waters in a changing climate (GMD/ESD/TC...

The Cryosphere, 16, 1793–1806, 2022
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1793-2022
Research article
10 May 2022
Research article | 10 May 2022

Sunlight penetration dominates the thermal regime and energetics of a shallow ice-covered lake in arid climate

Wenfeng Huang et al.

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Short summary
Thermal regimes of seasonally ice-covered lakes in an arid region like Central Asia are not well constrained despite the unique climate. We observed annual and seasonal dynamics of thermal stratification and energetics in a shallow arid-region lake. Strong penetrated solar radiation and high water-to-ice heat flux are the predominant components in water heat balance. The under-ice stratification and convection are jointly governed by the radiative penetration and salt rejection during freezing.