Articles | Volume 10, issue 5
The Cryosphere, 10, 2291–2315, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2291-2016

Special issue: Changing Permafrost in the Arctic and its Global Effects in...

The Cryosphere, 10, 2291–2315, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2291-2016
Research article
30 Sep 2016
Research article | 30 Sep 2016

Effects of bryophyte and lichen cover on permafrost soil temperature at large scale

Philipp Porada et al.

Related authors

A dynamic local-scale vegetation model for lycopsids (LYCOm v1.0)
Suman Halder, Susanne K. M. Arens, Kai Jensen, Tais W. Dahl, and Philipp Porada
Geosci. Model Dev., 15, 2325–2343, https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-15-2325-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-15-2325-2022, 2022
Short summary
ESD Reviews: Evidence of multiple inconsistencies between representations of terrestrial and marine ecosystems in Earth System Models
Félix Pellerin, Philipp Porada, and Inga Hense
Earth Syst. Dynam. Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2020-55,https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-2020-55, 2020
Revised manuscript not accepted
Short summary
Global NO and HONO emissions of biological soil crusts estimated by a process-based non-vascular vegetation model
Philipp Porada, Alexandra Tamm, Jose Raggio, Yafang Cheng, Axel Kleidon, Ulrich Pöschl, and Bettina Weber
Biogeosciences, 16, 2003–2031, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-2003-2019,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-2003-2019, 2019
Short summary
Reviews and syntheses: Carbon use efficiency from organisms to ecosystems – definitions, theories, and empirical evidence
Stefano Manzoni, Petr Čapek, Philipp Porada, Martin Thurner, Mattias Winterdahl, Christian Beer, Volker Brüchert, Jan Frouz, Anke M. Herrmann, Björn D. Lindahl, Steve W. Lyon, Hana Šantrůčková, Giulia Vico, and Danielle Way
Biogeosciences, 15, 5929–5949, https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5929-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-15-5929-2018, 2018
Short summary
Effects of short-term variability of meteorological variables on soil temperature in permafrost regions
Christian Beer, Philipp Porada, Altug Ekici, and Matthias Brakebusch
The Cryosphere, 12, 741–757, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-741-2018,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-741-2018, 2018
Short summary

Related subject area

Numerical Modelling
Can changes in deformation regimes be inferred from crystallographic preferred orientations in polar ice?
Maria-Gema Llorens, Albert Griera, Paul D. Bons, Ilka Weikusat, David J. Prior, Enrique Gomez-Rivas, Tamara de Riese, Ivone Jimenez-Munt, Daniel García-Castellanos, and Ricardo A. Lebensohn
The Cryosphere, 16, 2009–2024, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-2009-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-2009-2022, 2022
Short summary
Stabilizing effect of mélange buttressing on the marine ice-cliff instability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet
Tanja Schlemm, Johannes Feldmann, Ricarda Winkelmann, and Anders Levermann
The Cryosphere, 16, 1979–1996, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1979-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1979-2022, 2022
Short summary
A probabilistic seabed–ice keel interaction model
Frédéric Dupont, Dany Dumont, Jean-François Lemieux, Elie Dumas-Lefebvre, and Alain Caya
The Cryosphere, 16, 1963–1977, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1963-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1963-2022, 2022
Short summary
Modelling supraglacial debris-cover evolution from the single-glacier to the regional scale: an application to High Mountain Asia
Loris Compagno, Matthias Huss, Evan Stewart Miles, Michael James McCarthy, Harry Zekollari, Amaury Dehecq, Francesca Pellicciotti, and Daniel Farinotti
The Cryosphere, 16, 1697–1718, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1697-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1697-2022, 2022
Short summary
The effect of changing sea ice on wave climate trends along Alaska's central Beaufort Sea coast
Kees Nederhoff, Li Erikson, Anita Engelstad, Peter Bieniek, and Jeremy Kasper
The Cryosphere, 16, 1609–1629, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1609-2022,https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-1609-2022, 2022
Short summary

Cited articles

Atchley, A., Coon, E., Painter, S., Harp, D., and Wilson, C.: Influences and interactions of inundation, peat, and snow on active layer thickness, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 5116–5123, https://doi.org/10.1002/2016GL068550, 2016.
Bauer, I., Bhatti, J., Swanston, C., Wieder, R., and Preston, C.: Organic Matter Accumulation and Community Change at the Peatland–Upland Interface: Inferences from 14C and 210Pb Dated Profiles, Ecosystems, 12, 636–653, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-009-9248-2, 2009.
Beer, C., Lucht, W., Schmullius, C., and Shvidenko, A.: Small net carbon dioxide uptake by Russian forests during 1981–1999, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L15403, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006GL026919, 2006.
Beer, C., Fedorov, A., and Torgovkin, Y.: Permafrost temperature and active-layer thickness of Yakutia with 0.5-degree spatial resolution for model evaluation, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 305–310, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-5-305-2013, 2013.
Beer, C., Weber, U., Tomelleri, E., Carvalhais, N., Mahecha, M., and Reichstein, M.: Harmonized European Long-Term Climate Data for Assessing the Effect of Changing Temporal Variability on Land–Atmosphere CO2 Fluxes, J. Climate, 27, 4815–4834, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00543.1, 2014.
Download
Short summary
Bryophyte and lichen cover on the forest floor at high latitudes insulates the ground and thus decreases soil temperature. This can protect permafrost soil, stabilising it against global warming. To quantify the insulating effect, we integrate a novel, process-based model of bryophyte and lichen growth into the global land surface model JSBACH. We find an average cooling effect of the bryophyte and lichen cover of 2.7 K, which implies a significant impact on soil temperature at high latitudes.