Articles | Volume 9, issue 6
Research article
18 Nov 2015
Research article |  | 18 Nov 2015

A prognostic model of the sea-ice floe size and thickness distribution

C. Horvat and E. Tziperman

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Cited articles

Asplin, M. G., Galley, R., Barber, D. G., and Prinsenberg, S.: Fracture of summer perennial sea ice by ocean swell as a result of Arctic storms, J. Geophys. Res., 117, 1–12,, 2012.
Asplin, M. G., Scharien, R., Else, B., Howell, S., Barber, D. G., Papakyriakou, T., and Prinsenberg, S.: Implications of fractured Arctic perennial ice cover on thermodynamic and dynamic sea ice processes, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 2327–2343,, 2014.
Bennetts, L. G. and Squire, V. A.: Model sensitivity analysis of scattering-induced attenuation of ice-coupled waves, Ocean Model., 45–46, 1–13,, 2012.
Bennetts, L. G. and Williams, T. D.: Water wave transmission by an array of floating disks, Proc. Roy. Soc. A, 471, 1–18,, 2015.
Birnbaum, G. and Lüpkes, C.: A new parameterization of surface drag in the marginal sea ice zone, Tellus A, 54, 107–123,, 2002.
Short summary
Sea-ice cover is composed of floes of different sizes and thicknesses, whose distribution varies in space and time, and may affect the interaction between sea ice and the ocean and atmosphere, yet is not represented in climate models. We develop and demonstrate a model for the evolution of the joint distribution of floe sizes and thicknesses, subject to melting and freezing, mechanical interactions between floes, and the fracture of floes by waves, forced by atmospheric and ocean forcing fields.