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The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Short summary
The increase in Antarctic surface mass balance (SMB, precipitation vs. evaporation/sublimation) is projected to mitigate sea-level rise. Here we show that nearly half of this increase over the 20th century is attributed to stratospheric ozone depletion and ozone-depleting substance (ODS) emissions. Our results suggest that the phaseout of ODS by the Montreal Protocol, and the recovery of stratospheric ozone, will act to decrease the SMB over the 21st century and the mitigation of sea-level rise.
TC | Articles | Volume 14, issue 11
The Cryosphere, 14, 4135–4144, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-4135-2020
The Cryosphere, 14, 4135–4144, 2020
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-14-4135-2020

Research article 19 Nov 2020

Research article | 19 Nov 2020

Distinguishing the impacts of ozone and ozone-depleting substances on the recent increase in Antarctic surface mass balance

Rei Chemke et al.

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Cited articles

Agosta, C., Amory, C., Kittel, C., Orsi, A., Favier, V., Gallée, H., van den Broeke, M. R., Lenaerts, J. T. M., van Wessem, J. M., van de Berg, W. J., and Fettweis, X.: Estimation of the Antarctic surface mass balance using the regional climate model MAR (1979–2015) and identification of dominant processes, The Cryosphere, 13, 281–296, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-281-2019, 2019. a
Barnes, E. A., Barnes, N. W., and Polvani, L. M.: Delayed Southern Hemisphere Climate Change Induced by Stratospheric Ozone Recovery, as Projected by the CMIP5 Models, J. Climate, 27, 852–867, 2014. a
Cataldo, M., Evangelista, H., Simões, J. C., Godoi, R. H. M., Simmonds, I., Hollanda, M. H., Wainer, I., Aquino, F., and Van Grieken, R.: Mineral dust variability in central West Antarctica associated with ozone depletion, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2165–2175, https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-13-2165-2013, 2013. a
England, M. R., Polvani, L. M., Smith, K. L., Landrum, L., and Holland, M. M.: Robust response of the Amundsen Sea Low to stratospheric ozone depletion, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 8207–8213, 2016. a, b, c
Fretwell, P., Pritchard, H. D., Vaughan, D. G., Bamber, J. L., Barrand, N. E., Bell, R., Bianchi, C., Bingham, R. G., Blankenship, D. D., Casassa, G., Catania, G., Callens, D., Conway, H., Cook, A. J., Corr, H. F. J., Damaske, D., Damm, V., Ferraccioli, F., Forsberg, R., Fujita, S., Gim, Y., Gogineni, P., Griggs, J. A., Hindmarsh, R. C. A., Holmlund, P., Holt, J. W., Jacobel, R. W., Jenkins, A., Jokat, W., Jordan, T., King, E. C., Kohler, J., Krabill, W., Riger-Kusk, M., Langley, K. A., Leitchenkov, G., Leuschen, C., Luyendyk, B. P., Matsuoka, K., Mouginot, J., Nitsche, F. O., Nogi, Y., Nost, O. A., Popov, S. V., Rignot, E., Rippin, D. M., Rivera, A., Roberts, J., Ross, N., Siegert, M. J., Smith, A. M., Steinhage, D., Studinger, M., Sun, B., Tinto, B. K., Welch, B. C., Wilson, D., Young, D. A., Xiangbin, C., and Zirizzotti, A.: Bedmap2: improved ice bed, surface and thickness datasets for Antarctica, The Cryosphere, 7, 375–393, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-7-375-2013, 2013. a
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Short summary
The increase in Antarctic surface mass balance (SMB, precipitation vs. evaporation/sublimation) is projected to mitigate sea-level rise. Here we show that nearly half of this increase over the 20th century is attributed to stratospheric ozone depletion and ozone-depleting substance (ODS) emissions. Our results suggest that the phaseout of ODS by the Montreal Protocol, and the recovery of stratospheric ozone, will act to decrease the SMB over the 21st century and the mitigation of sea-level rise.
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