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TC | Articles | Volume 14, issue 10
The Cryosphere, 14, 3329–3347, 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 14, 3329–3347, 2020
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 06 Oct 2020

Research article | 06 Oct 2020

Frazil ice growth and production during katabatic wind events in the Ross Sea, Antarctica

Lisa Thompson et al.

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Revised manuscript accepted for TC
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Cited articles

Ackley, S. F., Stammerjohn, S., Maksym, T. Smith, M., Cassano, J., Guest, P., Tison, J.-L., Delille, B., Loose, B., Sedwick, P., DePace, L., Roach, L., and Parno, J.: Sea-ice production and air/ice/ocean/biogeochemistry interactions in the Ross Sea during the PIPERS 2017 autumn field campaign, Ann. Glaciol., 1–15,, 2020. 
Armstrong, T.: World meteorological organization: WMO sea-ice nomenclature. Terminology, codes and illustrated glossary, J. Glaciol., 11, 148–149,, 1972. 
Bromwich, D. H. and Kurtz, D. D.: Katabatic wind forcing of the terra nova bay polynya, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 3561–3572,, 1984. 
Buffoni, G., Cappelletti, A., and Picco, P.: An investigation of thermohaline circulation in terra nova bay polynya, Antarct. Sci, 14, 83–92,, 2002. 
Cosimo, J. C. and Gordon, A. L.: Interannual variability in summer sea ice minimum, coastal polynyas and bottom water formation in the weddell sea, in: Antarctic sea ice: physical processes, interactions and variability, edited by: Jeffries, M. O., American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 74, 293–315,, 1998. 
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
The offshore winds around Antarctica can reach hurricane strength and produce intense cooling, causing the surface ocean to form a slurry of seawater and ice crystals. For the first time, we observed a buildup of heat and salt in the surface ocean, caused by loose ice crystal formation. We conclude that up to 1 m of ice was formed per day by the intense cooling, suggesting that unconsolidated crystals may be an important part of the total freezing that happens around Antarctica.
The offshore winds around Antarctica can reach hurricane strength and produce intense cooling,...