Articles | Volume 13, issue 3
The Cryosphere, 13, 827–843, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-827-2019
The Cryosphere, 13, 827–843, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-827-2019
Research article
07 Mar 2019
Research article | 07 Mar 2019

Pervasive cold ice within a temperate glacier – implications for glacier thermal regimes, sediment transport and foreland geomorphology

Benedict T. I. Reinardy et al.

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Cited articles

Åkesson, H.: Simulating the climatic response of Hardangerjøkulen in southern Norway since the Little Ice Age, MSc Thesis, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway, 2014. 
Åkesson, H., Nisancioglu, K. H., Giesen, R. H., and Morlighem, M.: Simulating the evolution of Hardangerjøkulen ice cap in southern Norway since the mid-Holocene and its sensitivity to climate change, The Cryosphere, 11, 281–302, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-11-281-2017, 2017. 
Andersen, J. L. and Sollid, J. L.: Glacial chronology and glacial geomorphology in the marginal zones of the glaciers Midtdalsbreen and Nigardsbreen, south Norway, Norsk Geogr. Tidsskr. 25, 1–38, 1971. 
Andreassen, L. M. and Elvehøy, H.: Volume change Hardangerjkulen, in: Glaciological investigations in Norway in 2000, edited by: Kjllmoen, B., Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, NVE Report 2, Oslo, Norway, 101–102, 2001. 
Andreassen, L. M. and Winsvold, S. H. (Eds.): Inventory of Norwegian glaciers, Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, NVE Report 38-2012, Oslo, Norway, 2012. 
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Short summary
Cold-ice processes may be widespread within temperate glacier systems but the role of cold-ice processes in temperate glacier systems is relatively unknown. Climate forcing is the main control on glacier mass balance but potential for heterogeneous thermal conditions at temperate glaciers calls for improved model assessments of future evolution of thermal conditions and impacts on glacier dynamics and mass balance. Cold-ice processes need to be included in temperate glacier land system models.