Articles | Volume 14, issue 11
Research article
05 Nov 2020
Research article |  | 05 Nov 2020

High-resolution simulations of interactions between surface ocean dynamics and frazil ice

Agnieszka Herman, Maciej Dojczman, and Kamila Świszcz

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Wind wave and water level dataset for Hornsund, Svalbard (2013–2021)
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Spatial characteristics of frazil streaks in the Terra Nova Bay Polynya from high-resolution visible satellite imagery
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Cited articles

Belcher, S., Grant, A., Hanley, K., Fox-Kemper, B., Van Roekel, L., Sullivan, P., Large, W., Brown, A., Hines, A., Calvert, D., Rutgersson, A., Pettersson, H., Bidlot, J.-R., Janssen, P., and Polton, J.: A global perspective on Langmuir turbulence in the ocean surface boundary layer, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L18605,, 2012. a, b, c, d, e
Biggs, N. and Willmott, A.: Polynya flux model solutions incorporating parameterization for the consolidated new ice, J. Fluid Mech., 408, 179–204,, 2000. a
Botte, V. and Mansutti, D.: A numerical estimate of the plankton-induced sea surface tension effects in a Langmuir circulation, Mathematics and Computer Simul., 82, 2916–2928,, 2012. a
Canuto, V., Howard, A., Cheng, Y., and Dubovikov, M.: Ocean turbulence. Part I: One-point closure model – momentum and heat vertical diffusivities, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 1413–1426,<1413:OTPIOP>2.0.CO;2, 2001. a
Chamecki, M., Chor, T., Yang, D., and Meneveau, C.: Material transport in the ocean mixed layer: Recent developments enabled by large eddy simulation, Rev. Geophysics, 57, 1338–1371,, 2019. a, b, c, d, e, f
Short summary
Under typical conditions favorable for sea ice formation in many regions (strong wind and waves, low air temperature), ice forms not at the sea surface but within the upper, turbulent layer of the ocean. Although interactions between ice and ocean dynamics are very important for the evolution of sea ice cover, many aspects of them are poorly understood. We use a numerical model to analyze three-dimensional water circulation and ice transport and show that ice strongly modifies that circulation.