Articles | Volume 13, issue 2
The Cryosphere, 13, 693–707, 2019
The Cryosphere, 13, 693–707, 2019
Research article
28 Feb 2019
Research article | 28 Feb 2019

New insights into the environmental factors controlling the ground thermal regime across the Northern Hemisphere: a comparison between permafrost and non-permafrost areas

Olli Karjalainen et al.

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Cited articles

Aalto, J., Harrison, S., and Luoto, M.: Statistical modelling predicts almost complete loss of major periglacial processes in Northern Europe by 2100, Nat. Commun., 8, 515,, 2017. 
Aalto, J., Karjalainen, O., Hjort, J., and Luoto, M.: Statistical forecasting of current and future circum-Arctic ground temperatures and active layer thickness, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 4889–4898,, 2018a. 
Aalto, J., Scherrer, D., Lenoir, J., Guisan, A., and Luoto, M.: Biogeophysical controls on soil-atmosphere thermal differences: implications on warming Arctic ecosystems, Environ. Res. Lett., 13, 074003,, 2018b. 
AMAP: Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA): Climate Change and the Cryosphere, Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway, 2017. 
Atchley, A. L., Coon, E. T., Painter, S. L., Harp, D. R., and Wilson, C. J.: Influences and interactions of inundation, peat, and snow on active layer thickness, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, 5116–5123,, 2016. 
Short summary
Using a statistical modelling framework, we examined the environmental factors controlling ground thermal regimes inside and outside the Northern Hemisphere permafrost domain. We found that climatic factors were paramount in both regions, but with varying relative importance and effect size. The relationships were often non-linear, especially in permafrost conditions. Our results suggest that these non-linearities should be accounted for in future ground thermal models at the hemisphere scale.