Articles | Volume 13, issue 3
The Cryosphere, 13, 1005–1024, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-1005-2019
The Cryosphere, 13, 1005–1024, 2019
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-13-1005-2019

Research article 29 Mar 2019

Research article | 29 Mar 2019

In situ observed relationships between snow and ice surface skin temperatures and 2 m air temperatures in the Arctic

Pia Nielsen-Englyst et al.

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Revised manuscript not accepted
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Cited articles

Abermann, J., Hansen, B., Lund, M., Wacker, S., Karami, M., and Cappelen, J.: Hotspots and key periods of Greenland climate change during the past six decades, Ambio, 46, 3–11, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-016-0861-y, 2017. 
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Adolph, A. C., Albert, M. R., and Hall, D. K.: Near-surface temperature inversion during summer at Summit, Greenland, and its relation to MODIS-derived surface temperatures, The Cryosphere, 12, 907–920, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-907-2018, 2018. 
Ahlstrøm, A., van As, D., Citterio, M., Andersen, S., Fausto, R., Andersen, M., Forsberg, R., Stenseng, L., Lintz Christensen, E., and Kristensen, S. S.: A new Programme for Monitoring the Mass Loss of the Greenland Ice Sheet, Geol. Surv. Den. Greenl., 15, 61–64, 2008. 
Arrhenius, S.: XXXI. On the influence of carbonic acid in the air upon the temperature of the ground, The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, 41, 237–276, https://doi.org/10.1080/14786449608620846, 1896. 
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The paper facilitates the construction of a satellite-derived 2 m air temperature (T2m) product for Arctic snow/ice areas. The relationship between skin temperature (Tskin) and T2m is analysed using weather stations. The main factors influencing the relationship are seasonal variations, wind speed and clouds. A clear-sky bias is estimated to assess the effect of cloud-limited satellite observations. The results are valuable when validating satellite Tskin or estimating T2m from satellite Tskin.