Articles | Volume 17, issue 2
Research article
08 Feb 2023
Research article |  | 08 Feb 2023

Arctic sea ice mass balance in a new coupled ice–ocean model using a brittle rheology framework

Guillaume Boutin, Einar Ólason, Pierre Rampal, Heather Regan, Camille Lique, Claude Talandier, Laurent Brodeau, and Robert Ricker

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Cited articles

Barnier, B., Madec, G., Penduff, T., Molines, J.-M., Treguier, A.-M., Sommer, J. L., Beckmann, A., Biastoch, A., Böning, C., Dengg, J., Derval, C., Durand, E., Gulev, S., Remy, E., Talandier, C., Theetten, S., Maltrud, M., McClean, J., and Cuevas, B. D.: Impact of partial steps and momentum advection schemes in a global ocean circulation model at eddy-permitting resolution, Oceanogr. Meteorol., 56, 543–567,, 2006. a
Bitz, C. M., Holland, M. M., Hunke, E. C., and Moritz, R. E.: Maintenance of the Sea-Ice Edge, J. Climate, 18, 2903–2921,, 2005. a
Blockley, E., Vancoppenolle, M., Hunke, E., Bitz, C., Feltham, D., Lemieux, J.-F., Losch, M., Maisonnave, E., Notz, D., Rampal, P., Tietsche, S., Tremblay, B., Turner, A., Massonnet, F., Olason, E., Roberts, A., Aksenov, Y., Fichefet, T., Garric, G., Iovino, D., Madec, G., Rousset, C., y Melia, D. S., and Schroeder, D.: The Future of Sea Ice Modeling: Where Do We Go from Here?, B. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 101, E1304–E1311,, 2020. a
Bouchat, A., Hutter, N., Chanut, J., Dupont, F., Dukhovskoy, D., Garric, G., Lee, Y. J., Lemieux, J.-F., Lique, C., Losch, M., Maslowski, W., Myers, P. G., Ólason, E., Rampal, P., Rasmussen, T., Talandier, C., Tremblay, B., and Wang, Q.: Sea Ice Rheology Experiment (SIREx): 1. Scaling and Statistical Properties of Sea-Ice Deformation Fields, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 127, e2021JC017667,, 2022. a, b
Bouillon, S. and Rampal, P.: Presentation of the dynamical core of neXtSIM, a new sea ice model, Ocean Model., 91, 23–37,, 2015. a, b
Short summary
Sea ice cover in the Arctic is full of cracks, which we call leads. We suspect that these leads play a role for atmosphere–ocean interactions in polar regions, but their importance remains challenging to estimate. We use a new ocean–sea ice model with an original way of representing sea ice dynamics to estimate their impact on winter sea ice production. This model successfully represents sea ice evolution from 2000 to 2018, and we find that about 30 % of ice production takes place in leads.