Articles | Volume 13, issue 10
Research article
18 Oct 2019
Research article |  | 18 Oct 2019

Laboratory study of the properties of frazil ice particles and flocs in water of different salinities

Christopher C. Schneck, Tadros R. Ghobrial, and Mark R. Loewen

Related authors

Measurements of Frazil Ice Flocs in Rivers
Chuankang Pei, Jiaqi Yang, Yuntong She, and Mark Loewen
EGUsphere,,, 2024
Short summary
Continuous in situ measurements of anchor ice formation, growth, and release
Tadros R. Ghobrial and Mark R. Loewen
The Cryosphere, 15, 49–67,,, 2021
Short summary

Related subject area

Discipline: Sea ice | Subject: Ice Physics
Deformation lines in Arctic sea ice: intersection angle distribution and mechanical properties
Damien Ringeisen, Nils Hutter, and Luisa von Albedyll
The Cryosphere, 17, 4047–4061,,, 2023
Short summary
Sea ice thickness from air-coupled flexural waves
Rowan Romeyn, Alfred Hanssen, Bent Ole Ruud, and Tor Arne Johansen
The Cryosphere, 15, 2939–2955,,, 2021
Short summary
Strain response and energy dissipation of floating saline ice under cyclic compressive stress
Mingdong Wei, Arttu Polojärvi, David M. Cole, and Malith Prasanna
The Cryosphere, 14, 2849–2867,,, 2020
Short summary
The morphology of ice and liquid brine in an environmental scanning electron microscope: a study of the freezing methods
Ľubica Vetráková, Vilém Neděla, Jiří Runštuk, and Dominik Heger
The Cryosphere, 13, 2385–2405,,, 2019
Short summary
Physical and optical characteristics of heavily melted “rotten” Arctic sea ice
Carie M. Frantz, Bonnie Light, Samuel M. Farley, Shelly Carpenter, Ross Lieblappen, Zoe Courville, Mónica V. Orellana, and Karen Junge
The Cryosphere, 13, 775–793,,, 2019
Short summary

Cited articles

Banner, M. L. and Morison, R. P.: On the upper ocean turbulent dissipation rate due to microscale breakers and small whitecaps, Ocean Model., 126, 63–76,, 2018. 
Beltaos, S.: River Ice Formation, 1st Edn., Committee on River Ice Processes and the Environment, Edmonton, AB, 2013. 
Brescia, F., Arents, J., Herbert, M., Turk, A., and Weiner, E.: Fundamentals of Chemistry: Laboratory Studies, 3rd Edn., Academic Press, Inc., New York, 1975. 
Cavalieri, D. J. and Martin, S.: The contribution of Alaskan, Siberian, and Canadian coastal polynyas to the cold halocline layer of the Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 18343–18362, 1994. 
Chanona, M., Waterman, S., and Gratton, Y.: Variability of internal wave-driven mixing and stratification in Canadian Arctic shelf and shelf-slope waters, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 123, 9178–9195,, 2018. 
Short summary
Properties of suspended frazil ice and flocs in water of different salinities were measured in the lab using high-resolution images. It was found that freshwater frazil particles and flocs were larger than in saline water by ~13 % and 75 %, respectively. Both the growth rate of particles and the porosity of flocs decreased with salinity and ranged between 0.174 and 0.024 mm min−1 and 86 % and 75 % for freshwater and 35 ‰ saline water, respectively.