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The Cryosphere An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 10, issue 6
The Cryosphere, 10, 2721–2730, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2721-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
The Cryosphere, 10, 2721–2730, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-10-2721-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 21 Nov 2016

Research article | 21 Nov 2016

Estimating the extent of Antarctic summer sea ice during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration

Tom Edinburgh and Jonathan J. Day

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Cited articles

Abram, N. J., Mulvaney, R., Wolff, E. W., and Mudelsee, M.: Ice core records as sea ice proxies: An evaluation from the Weddell Sea region of Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D15101, https://doi.org/10.1029/2006JD008139, 2007.
Abram, N. J., Wolff, E. W., and Curran, M. A. J.: A review of sea ice proxy information from polar ice cores, Quat. Sci. Rev., 79, 168–183, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.01.011, 2013.
Ackley, S., Wadhams, P., Comiso, J. C., and Worby, A. P.: Decadal decrease of Antarctic sea ice extent inferred from whaling records revisited on the basis of historical and modern sea ice records, Polar Res., 22, 19–25, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-8369.2003.tb00091.x, 2003.
Arctowski, H.: Les observations météorologiques de l'expédition du Gauss, Bull. Soc. Belge Astron., 9, 13–17, 1904.
Ayre, M., Nicholls, J., Ward, C., and Wheeler, D.: Ships' logbooks from the Arctic in the pre-instrumental period, Geosci. Data J., 53–62, https://doi.org/10.1002/gdj3.27, 2015.
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Short summary
Contrary to expectations, Antarctic sea ice cover has been increasing in area during the last three decades. In order to put these trends into a wider context this paper analyses direct observations of sea ice, recorded in ships' logbooks during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration (1887–1917) for the first time. It shows that the sea ice was significantly further north in the Weddell Sea during the period but comparable to the present day in other sectors.
Contrary to expectations, Antarctic sea ice cover has been increasing in area during the last...
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