Articles | Volume 16, issue 3
Research article
11 Mar 2022
Research article |  | 11 Mar 2022

Past changes in natural and managed snow reliability of French Alps ski resorts from 1961 to 2019

Lucas Berard-Chenu, Hugues François, Emmanuelle George, and Samuel Morin

Related authors

Improvements of the land surface configuration to better simulate seasonal snow cover in the European Alps with the CNRM-AROME (cycle 46) convection-permitting regional climate model
Diego Monteiro, Cécile Caillaud, Matthieu Lafaysse, Adrien Napoly, Mathieu Fructus, Antoinette Alias, and Samuel Morin
EGUsphere,,, 2024
Short summary
Simulated hydrological effects of grooming and snowmaking in a ski resort on the local water balance
Samuel Morin, Hugues François, Marion Réveillet, Eric Sauquet, Louise Crochemore, Flora Branger, Étienne Leblois, and Marie Dumont
Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 27, 4257–4277,,, 2023
Short summary
Projection of snowfall extremes in the French Alps as a function of elevation and global warming level
Erwan Le Roux, Guillaume Evin, Raphaëlle Samacoïts, Nicolas Eckert, Juliette Blanchet, and Samuel Morin
The Cryosphere, 17, 4691–4704,,, 2023
Short summary
Multi-decadal analysis of past winter temperature, precipitation and snow cover data in the European Alps from reanalyses, climate models and observational datasets
Diego Monteiro and Samuel Morin
The Cryosphere, 17, 3617–3660,,, 2023
Short summary
Spatial variability of Saharan dust deposition revealed through a citizen science campaign
Marie Dumont, Simon Gascoin, Marion Réveillet, Didier Voisin, François Tuzet, Laurent Arnaud, Mylène Bonnefoy, Montse Bacardit Peñarroya, Carlo Carmagnola, Alexandre Deguine, Aurélie Diacre, Lukas Dürr, Olivier Evrard, Firmin Fontaine, Amaury Frankl, Mathieu Fructus, Laure Gandois, Isabelle Gouttevin, Abdelfateh Gherab, Pascal Hagenmuller, Sophia Hansson, Hervé Herbin, Béatrice Josse, Bruno Jourdain, Irene Lefevre, Gaël Le Roux, Quentin Libois, Lucie Liger, Samuel Morin, Denis Petitprez, Alvaro Robledano, Martin Schneebeli, Pascal Salze, Delphine Six, Emmanuel Thibert, Jürg Trachsel, Matthieu Vernay, Léo Viallon-Galinier, and Céline Voiron
Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 15, 3075–3094,,, 2023
Short summary

Related subject area

Discipline: Other | Subject: Seasonal Snow
Variability and drivers of winter near-surface temperatures over boreal and tundra landscapes
Vilna Tyystjärvi, Pekka Niittynen, Julia Kemppinen, Miska Luoto, Tuuli Rissanen, and Juha Aalto
The Cryosphere, 18, 403–423,,, 2024
Short summary

Cited articles

Abegg, B., Agrawala, S., Crick, F., and de Montfalcon, A.: Climate change impacts and adaptation in winter tourism, in: Climate Change in the European Alps, edited by: Agrawala, S., OECD Paris, 25–60,, 2007. 
Abegg, B., Steiger, R., and Trawöger, L.: Resilience and perceptions of problems in Alpine regions, in: Tourism and resilience, edited by: Butler, R. W., CABI Publications, Wallingford, 105–117,, 2017. 
Abegg, B., Morin, S., Demiroglu, O. C., François, H., Rothleitner, M., and Strasser, U.: Overloaded! Critical revision and a new conceptual approach for snow indicators in ski tourism, Int. J. Biometeorol., 65, 691–701,, 2021.​​​​​​​ 
Badré, M., Prime, J. L., and Ribière, G.: “Neige de culture: Etat des lieux et impacts environnementaux”. Note socio-économique, République Française, Ministère de l'Ecologie, de l'Energie, du Développement durable et de l'Aménagement du territoire, (last access: 15 January 2022​​​​​​​), 2009. 
Beaudin, L. and Huang, J. C.: Weather conditions and outdoor recreation: A study of New England ski areas, Ecol. Econ., 106, 56–68,, 2014. 
Short summary
This study investigates the past snow reliability (1961–2019) of 16 ski resorts in the French Alps using state-of-the-art snowpack modelling. We used snowmaking investment figures to infer the evolution of snowmaking coverage at the individual ski resort level. Snowmaking improved snow reliability for the core of the winter season for the highest-elevation ski resorts. However it did not counterbalance the decreasing trend in snow cover reliability for lower-elevation ski resorts and in spring.