Articles | Volume 15, issue 12
The Cryosphere, 15, 5473–5482, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-5473-2021
The Cryosphere, 15, 5473–5482, 2021
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-5473-2021
Research article
08 Dec 2021
Research article | 08 Dec 2021

Perspectives on future sea ice and navigability in the Arctic

Jinlei Chen et al.

Viewed

Total article views: 2,863 (including HTML, PDF, and XML)
HTML PDF XML Total BibTeX EndNote
1,739 1,067 57 2,863 14 23
  • HTML: 1,739
  • PDF: 1,067
  • XML: 57
  • Total: 2,863
  • BibTeX: 14
  • EndNote: 23
Views and downloads (calculated since 01 Feb 2021)
Cumulative views and downloads (calculated since 01 Feb 2021)

Viewed (geographical distribution)

Total article views: 2,863 (including HTML, PDF, and XML) Thereof 2,737 with geography defined and 126 with unknown origin.
Country # Views %
  • 1
1
 
 
 
 

Discussed (final revised paper)

Latest update: 06 Dec 2022
Download
Short summary
Sea ice is retreating with rapid warming in the Arctic. It will continue and approach the worst predicted pathway released by the IPCC. The irreversible tipping point might show around 2060 when the oldest ice will have completely disappeared. It has a huge impact on human production. Ordinary merchant ships will be able to pass the Northeast Passage and Northwest Passage by the midcentury, and the opening time will advance to the next 10 years for icebreakers with moderate ice strengthening.