Articles | Volume 15, issue 8
The Cryosphere, 15, 4145–4163, 2021
The Cryosphere, 15, 4145–4163, 2021
Research article
30 Aug 2021
Research article | 30 Aug 2021

Controls of outbursts of moraine-dammed lakes in the greater Himalayan region

Melanie Fischer et al.

Related authors

Progress and challenges in glacial lake outburst flood research (2017–2021): a research community perspective
Adam Emmer, Simon K. Allen, Mark Carey, Holger Frey, Christian Huggel, Oliver Korup, Martin Mergili, Ashim Sattar, Georg Veh, Thomas Y. Chen, Simon J. Cook, Mariana Correas-Gonzalez, Soumik Das, Alejandro Diaz Moreno, Fabian Drenkhan, Melanie Fischer, Walter W. Immerzeel, Eñaut Izagirre, Ramesh Chandra Joshi, Ioannis Kougkoulos, Riamsara Kuyakanon Knapp, Dongfeng Li, Ulfat Majeed, Stephanie Matti, Holly Moulton, Faezeh Nick, Valentine Piroton, Irfan Rashid, Masoom Reza, Anderson Ribeiro de Figueiredo, Christian Riveros, Finu Shrestha, Milan Shrestha, Jakob Steiner, Noah Walker-Crawford, Joanne L. Wood, and Jacob C. Yde
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.,,, 2022
Preprint under review for NHESS
Short summary
Outburst flood scenarios and risks for a rapidly growing high-mountain city: Pokhara, Nepal
Melanie Fischer, Jana Brettin, Sigrid Roessner, Ariane Walz, Monique Fort, and Oliver Korup
Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.,,, 2022
Revised manuscript under review for NHESS
Short summary

Related subject area

Discipline: Glaciers | Subject: Natural Hazards
Brief communication: An approximately 50 Mm3 ice-rock avalanche on 22 March 2021 in the Sedongpu valley, southeastern Tibetan Plateau
Chuanxi Zhao, Wei Yang, Matthew Westoby, Baosheng An, Guangjian Wu, Weicai Wang, Zhongyan Wang, Yongjie Wang, and Stuart Dunning
The Cryosphere, 16, 1333–1340,,, 2022
Short summary
Sudden large-volume detachments of low-angle mountain glaciers – more frequent than thought?
Andreas Kääb, Mylène Jacquemart, Adrien Gilbert, Silvan Leinss, Luc Girod, Christian Huggel, Daniel Falaschi, Felipe Ugalde, Dmitry Petrakov, Sergey Chernomorets, Mikhail Dokukin, Frank Paul, Simon Gascoin, Etienne Berthier, and Jeffrey S. Kargel
The Cryosphere, 15, 1751–1785,,, 2021
Short summary
Response of downstream lakes to Aru glacier collapses on the western Tibetan Plateau
Yanbin Lei, Tandong Yao, Lide Tian, Yongwei Sheng, Lazhu, Jingjuan Liao, Huabiao Zhao, Wei Yang, Kun Yang, Etienne Berthier, Fanny Brun, Yang Gao, Meilin Zhu, and Guangjian Wu
The Cryosphere, 15, 199–214,,, 2021
Short summary
Brief communication: Collapse of 4 Mm3 of ice from a cirque glacier in the Central Andes of Argentina
Daniel Falaschi, Andreas Kääb, Frank Paul, Takeo Tadono, Juan Antonio Rivera, and Luis Eduardo Lenzano
The Cryosphere, 13, 997–1004,,, 2019
Short summary
Mechanisms leading to the 2016 giant twin glacier collapses, Aru Range, Tibet
Adrien Gilbert, Silvan Leinss, Jeffrey Kargel, Andreas Kääb, Simon Gascoin, Gregory Leonard, Etienne Berthier, Alina Karki, and Tandong Yao
The Cryosphere, 12, 2883–2900,,, 2018
Short summary

Cited articles

Aggarwal, A., Jain, S. K., Lohani, A. K., and Jain, N.: Glacial lake outburst flood risk assessment using combined approaches of remote sensing, GIS and dam break modelling, Geomat. Nat. Haz. Risk, 7, 18–36,, 2016. 
Allen, S. K., Rastner, P., Arora, M., Huggel, C., and Stoffel, M.: Lake outburst and debris flow disaster at Kedarnath, June 2013: hydrometeorological triggering and topographic predisposition, Landslides, 13, 1479–1491,, 2016. 
Allen, S. K., Zhang, G., Wang, W., Yao, T., and Bolch, T.: Potentially dangerous glacial lakes across the Tibetan Plateau revealed using a large-scale automated assessment approach, Sci. Bull., 64, 435–445,, 2019. 
Austin, P. C., Tu, J. V., and Alter, D. A.: Comparing hierarchical modeling with traditional logistic regression analysis among patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction: Should we be analyzing cardiovascular outcomes data differently?, Am. Heart J., 145, 27–35,, 2003. 
Bajracharya, S. R. and Shrestha, B.: The Status of Glaciers in the Hindu Kush–Himalayan Region, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu, 2011. 
Short summary
Glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) in the greater Himalayan region threaten local communities and infrastructure. We assess this hazard objectively using fully data-driven models. We find that lake and catchment area, as well as regional glacier-mass balance, credibly raised the susceptibility of a glacial lake in our study area to produce a sudden outburst. However, our models hardly support the widely held notion that rapid lake growth increases GLOF susceptibility.