Articles | Volume 15, issue 5
Research article
18 May 2021
Research article |  | 18 May 2021

The surface energy balance in a cold and arid permafrost environment, Ladakh, Himalayas, India

John Mohd Wani, Renoj J. Thayyen, Chandra Shekhar Prasad Ojha, and Stephan Gruber

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Cited articles

Ali, S. N., Quamar, M. F., Phartiyal, B., and Sharma, A.: Need for Permafrost Researches in Indian Himalaya, Journal of Climate Change, 4, 33–36,, 2018. 
Allen, S. K., Fiddes, J., Linsbauer, A., Randhawa, S. S., Saklani, B., and Salzmann, N.: Permafrost Studies in Kullu District, Himachal Pradesh, Curr. Sci. India, 111, 550–553,, 2016. 
Azam, M. F., Wagnon, P., Vincent, C., Ramanathan, AL., Favier, V., Mandal, A., and Pottakkal, J. G.: Processes governing the mass balance of Chhota Shigri Glacier (western Himalaya, India) assessed by point-scale surface energy balance measurements, The Cryosphere, 8, 2195–2217,, 2014. 
Baral, P., Haq, M. A., and Yaragal, S.: Assessment of rock glaciers and permafrost distribution in Uttarakhand, India, Permafrost Periglac., 31, 31–56,, 2019. 
Bertoldi, G., Notarnicola, C., Leitinger, G., Endrizzi, S., Zebisch, M., Della Chiesa, S., and Tappeiner, U.: Topographical and ecohydrological controls on land surface temperature in an alpine catchment, Ecohydrology, 3, 189–204,, 2010. 
Short summary
We study the surface energy balance from a cold-arid permafrost environment in the Indian Himalayan region. The GEOtop model was used for the modelling of surface energy balance. Our results show that the variability in the turbulent heat fluxes is similar to that reported from the seasonally frozen ground and permafrost regions of the Tibetan Plateau. Further, the low relative humidity could be playing a critical role in the surface energy balance and the permafrost processes.