Articles | Volume 15, issue 3
Research article
25 Mar 2021
Research article |  | 25 Mar 2021

The tipping points and early warning indicators for Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica

Sebastian H. R. Rosier, Ronja Reese, Jonathan F. Donges, Jan De Rydt, G. Hilmar Gudmundsson, and Ricarda Winkelmann


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Discussed (final revised paper)

Latest update: 09 Dec 2023
Short summary
Pine Island Glacier has contributed more to sea-level rise over the past decades than any other glacier in Antarctica. Ice-flow modelling studies have shown that it can undergo periods of rapid mass loss, but no study has shown that these future changes could cross a tipping point and therefore be effectively irreversible. Here, we assess the stability of Pine Island Glacier, quantifying the changes in ocean temperatures required to cross future tipping points using statistical methods.