Articles | Volume 12, issue 10
The Cryosphere, 12, 3161–3175, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-3161-2018
The Cryosphere, 12, 3161–3175, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-3161-2018

Review article 04 Oct 2018

Review article | 04 Oct 2018

An assessment of sub-snow GPS for quantification of snow water equivalent

Ladina Steiner et al.

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Latest update: 28 Nov 2021
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Short summary
The amount of water stored in snow cover is of high importance for flood risks, climate change, and early-warning systems. We evaluate the potential of using GPS to estimate the stored water. We use GPS antennas buried underneath the snowpack and develop a model based on the path elongation of the GPS signals while propagating through the snowpack. The method works well over full seasons, including melt periods. Results correspond within 10 % to the state-of-the-art reference data.